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Vane

Vane

[veyn]
Vane, Sir Henry, 1589-1655, English courtier; father of the Puritan leader Sir Henry Vane, the younger. He gained the favor of James I, was knighted in 1611, and acquired wealth by the purchase of profitable offices. He served in every Parliament from 1614 to 1640 and was successively made comptroller (1629) and treasurer (1639) of the household and secretary of state (1640). He also served Charles I on diplomatic missions to Holland (1629-30) and to Gustavus Adolphus (1631). Vane's appointment as secretary of state was opposed by the earl of Strafford. In the latter's trial, Vane, with genuine or pretended reluctance, testified that Strafford had advocated the use of the Irish army against Parliament. As a result he lost favor with the king and was dismissed from office. Joining the parliamentary opposition, he served as lord lieutenant of Durham (1642) and as a member of the committee for both kingdoms. He never became important in the new government.
Vane, Sir Henry, 1613-62, English statesman; son of Sir Henry Vane (1589-1655). Early converted to Puritanism, he went to New England in 1635 and became governor of Massachusetts in 1636. His religious tenets and his support of Anne Hutchinson embroiled him in political quarrels, especially with John Winthrop (1588-1649), and he returned to England in 1637. His governorship was notable chiefly for the founding of Harvard College and the start of the Pequot War. He was made (1639) joint treasurer of the navy, sat in the Short Parliament (1640), and was knighted (1640). Vane allowed a paper of his father's to be copied by John Pym, who later used it in the prosecution of the earl of Strafford, and in the Long Parliament he was a leading advocate of the abolition of episcopacy. As a result Charles I dismissed him (1641) from his treasurership of the navy, but Parliament reappointed him as sole treasurer in 1642. During the English civil war, Vane was a consistent moderate and proved himself a very able administrator. Although he was largely responsible for securing (1643) the Solemn League and Covenant with Scotland, he opposed an established Presbyterian church. An advocate of religious toleration and a constitutional monarchy, he was one of the committee that negotiated vainly (1648) with Charles I, and he refused to take part in the king's execution (1649). Nonetheless, he became (1649) a member of the council of state of the Commonwealth and remained very influential until he clashed with Oliver Cromwell over the latter's dissolution (1653) of the Rump Parliament. In 1656 he was imprisoned briefly for writing the pamphlet A Healing Question, in which he attacked arbitrary government. Vane sat in Parliament under Richard Cromwell but, at the fall of Richard's government, argued for the restoration of the Long Parliament. Suspected, probably without reason, of conspiring with Gen. John Lambert to establish a dictatorship, he became generally unpopular. In 1662 he was convicted of treason by the Restoration government and executed. His numerous writings on religion and government include The Retired Man's Meditations (1655) and the pamphlets on The Trial of Sir Henry Vane, Kt. (1662).

See biography by J. H. Adamson and H. F. Folland (1973).

Vane, Sir John Robert, 1927-2004, British pharmacologist, Ph.D. Oxford, 1953. With B. I. Samuelsson and Sune K. Bergström, Vane was awarded the 1982 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The trio won the prize for their identification and description of various compounds known as prostaglandins, which affect such functions as blood pressure and body temperature. Vane's work helped explain the effects on the body of aspirin, the world's most widely used drug and also contributed to the discovery and development of cox-1 and cox-2 inhibitors (see nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). He was knighted in 1984.
William Richard Fletcher-Vane, 2nd Baron Inglewood MEP DL, usually called Richard Inglewood (born 31 July 1951) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for Cumbria and Lancashire North from 1989 to 1994, and for North West England from 1999 to 2004.

Inglewood is the eldest son of former Conservative Member of Parliament William Fletcher-Vane and his wife Mary née Proby. He was educated at Eton and at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1975. He married Cressida Pemberton-Pigott in 1986. They have one son, Henry William Frederick Fletcher-Vane born in 1990, and two daughters.

At the 1983 general election, he stood as the Conservative candidate in the safe Labour constituency of Houghton and Washington, where he finished third with 24% of the votes.

At the European Parliament election, 1984 he stood unsuccessfully in the Durham constituency, but at 1989 European election he was elected as Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for Cumbria and Lancashire North. He lost his seat the 1994 election, but at the European Parliament election, 1999 he was elected for the new North West England constitituency. He did not contest the 2004 election.

He inherited his title from his father in 1989, the same year he was first elected to the European Parliament. He remained a member of the House of Lords after House of Lords Act 1999 after his election by fellow hereditary peers. He was a government whip in the Lords from 1994-95, serving as Deputy Chief Whip in from January to July 1995.. He was then appointed as a junior minister in the Department of National Heritage, serving until the Conservatives lost office at the 1997 general election. He has been a Deputy Lieutenant of Cumbria since 1993.

In 2006 Inglewood suggested eating grey squirrels as a method of preserving the native red squirrel.

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