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Byatt, A(ntonia) S(usan)

orig. Antonia Susan Drabble

(born Aug. 24, 1936, Sheffield, Eng.) British novelist and scholar. Sister of Margaret Drabble, she was educated at Cambridge and taught at University College, London. Her third novel, The Virgin in the Garden (1978), won high acclaim; the sequel Still Life (1985) followed. Possession (1990), a virtuoso double narrative, won the 1990 Booker Prize, and both it and Angels and Insects (1991) were adapted for film. Her story collections include The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye (1995) and Elementals (1998). Degrees of Freedom (1965) was the first major study of Iris Murdoch. In 2002 Byatt published the novel A Whistling Woman, the last of a series of four novels—beginning with The Virgin in the Garden—featuring the character Frederica Potter.

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Usan-guk, or the State of Usan, occupied Ulleung-do and the adjacent islands during the Korean Three Kingdoms period. According to the Samguk Sagi, it was conquered by the Silla general Kim Isabu in 512. He is said to have used wooden lions or tigers to intimidate the residents into surrendering. Usan-guk rarely enters into historical records, but appears to have continued a largely autonomous existence until its annexation to Goryeo in 930.

According to Sejong Sillok, Goryeosa, and Mangi Yoram, Usan-guk consisted of Ulleung-do and Usan-do. Koreans believe Usan-do is Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo in Korea, Takeshima in Japan), although some Japanese scholars dispute the interpretation of some of the records.

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