refers to the characteristics, personality
traits, and viewpoints associated with cities
and urban areas
. People who can be described as having urbanity are also referred to as citified
. The word is related to the Latin urbanitas
with connotations of refinement and elegance
, the opposite of rusticus
, associated with the countryside
. In Latin the word referred originally to the view of the world from ancient Rome
. The name Urban
has been taken as a papal name
by nine popes
and referred to the location of the Holy See
at the Vatican
in Rome and the pope's status as Bishop of Rome
has a similar meaning; Oxford English Dictionary
notes that the relationship of urbane
is similar to the relationship humane
bears to human
In language, urbanity still connotes a smooth and literate style, free of barbarisms and other infelicities. In antiquity, schools of rhetoric flourished only in the atmosphere of large cities, to which privileged students flocked from smaller cities in order to gain polish.
Modern concepts of "urbanism"
'Urbanity' as a word has also been used in recent years to describe the 'insanity' of urban life, as in the novel Urbanity by Francis Murphy.
- Lewis Mumford, The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects