- ''This is a sub-article to Sunni view of the Sahaba.
The Uprightness of all Sahaba is the name for a doctrinal view that it is a sin to speak ill of the sahaba (companions) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
The view has strong but not universal support among Sunni Muslims, but is not considered an "official" doctrine and is not supported by those of the Shi'a faith.
References in Hadiths
Support for the adoption of the doctrine is drawn from two hadiths
or oral traditions usually titled "Don't curse my companions" and "My companions are like the stars". These hadiths are further expanded upon in the Sunni isnad
Someone who speaks ill of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him, his family, and companions) has innovation (bid'a) in matters of belief, and is going against the way of Ahl al-Sunna in this matter. Speaking ill of the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is a dangerous sign, and it is feared that such a person may have other methodological variances--intellectual or emotional--from the way of mainstream traditional Islamic scholarship.
The Uprightness of all Sahaba's is not supported in Shi'a doctrine. It is argued that the Qu'ran
does not accord special status or infallibility for Muhammad's companions, and makes clear that obedience is strictly due to Allah
, Muhammad, and those authorized by Allah as leaders (4:59).
Shi'a doctrine supports the authorization of the first Shi'a Imam Ali as Muhammed's successor and leader of the faith. This is supported by the hadith "Ali is the master of all those, whose master I am", and in the hadith "I will have twelve Caliphs and all of them will be from Quraysh."
It is argued that the granting of this specific status to Ali precludes its extension to all other sahaba.