Friedrich Wilhelm Scanzoni von Lichtenfels
- June 12
) was a German gynecologist
who was a native of Prague
. He studied medicine in Prague, and spent most of his professional career as chair of obstetrics (1850-1888) at the University of Würzburg
, where he succeeded Franz Kiwisch von Rotterau
Scanzoni was a leading authority of obstetrics in 19th century Europe. He is best remembered today for the birthing procedure known as the Scanzoni maneuver. In 1849 he was a major factor in the appointment of Rudolf Virchow to the chair of pathological anatomy at the University of Würzburg. He was an ardent critic of Ignaz Semmelweis.
- Associated eponyms:
- Scanzoni maneuver: (Scanzoni forceps technique) A method of applying an obstetrical forceps in order to rotate a fetus.
- Scanzoni's second os: (hourglass uterine constriction) A constriction at the junction of the thinned lower uterine segment with the thick retracted upper uterine segment. This condition results from obstructed labor, and is a sign of threatened rupture of the uterus.
- Lehrbuch für Geburtshilfe
- Die chronische Metritis
- Compendium der verloskunde
- This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.