The idea is further affirmed in the Puritan Anglican Westminster Confession of Faith of 1647 that "the visible Church . . . is the Kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ, the house and family of God, out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation." Despite this, it is not necessarily a commonly held belief within modern Protestantism, especially Evangelicalism and those denominations which believe in the autonomy of the local church. The dogma is related to the universal Protestant dogma that the church is the body of all believers and debates within Protestantism usually centre on the meaning of "church" (ecclesiam) and "apart" (extra).
Since Latter-day Saints believe that all must receive the proper ordinances in order to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, today members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints participate in a massive genealogical effort to compile names of their kindred dead, and then to perform sacred ordinances, such as baptism, in behalf and as proxies for their deceased ancestors in sacred temples, which are found throughout the world.
The Qur'an also asserts that those who reject the Messengers of God with their best knowledge are damned in afterlife and if they reject in front of the Messenger of God, then they also face dreadful fate in this world and in afterlife (see Itmam al-hujjah). Conversely, if a person discovers monotheism without having been reached by a messenger is called Hanif.
To reduce the broad scope of the Islamic tradition to a single answer, however, would be as problematic as to do the same for Christianity - different Muslims have answered this question in different ways at different times. Some Muslims have maintained - and still do - that paradise is only available to those who fall into one of the explicitly accepted categories of following Islam, Christianity, or Judaism as is suggested by some verses of the Qur'an, and this is a very commonly held view. Within this, though, there are some differences of opinion. Some believe that following such legitimately revealed religions as Judaism or Christianity is acceptable only prior to the advent of Islam or at least prior to an individual Christian or Jew having learned about Islam.
Others believe that even Christians or Jews living, for example, in a majority Muslim country, are still eligeable to be accounted as worthy of paradise if they follow their own religions in a spirit of righteousness. The Qur'an, for its part, says of the people of the book that they
Going on the basis of this verse and others like it, many believe that Christians and Jews will be judged individually in the next world, and some of each will be in Paradise and others in Hell.
The more complicated question of what will happen, for example, to people of religions other than Judaism and Christianity is significantly more controversial. There is particularly controversy over the meaning of the word "sabians," which is often taken to the mean the Zoroastrian religion, but is sometimes interpreted to cover many other faith traditions, sometimes including Hinduism and Buddhism, this latter interpretation being highly controversial. The long presence of Islam in South Asia, however, has engendered many debates about the status of Hindus, which has run the whole gamut between a more standard dismissal of Hinduism as shirk, or polytheism, to some Muslims, such as Mirza Mazhar Jan-i-Janan even going so far as to recognize Rama and Krishna as Prophets of Islam not explicitly mentioned in Muslim scripture - thereby making Hindus equivalent to Christians or Jews.