|Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|National languages||Kikongo, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba.|
|Other indigenous languages||More than Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Linguas francas||French, Kikongo, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba.|
See also: French in Africa
It is commonly accepted that the Kituba variant, also called Kikongo ya Leta (Kikongo of the government) is the language used in the administration in the provinces of Kongo Central (which is inhabited by the Bakongo), Kwango and Kwilu. Kituba has become a vernacular language in many urban centres including Kikwit, Bandundu, Matadi, Boma and Muanda.
Lingala was made the official language of the army under Mobutu, but since the rebellions the army has also used Swahili in the east. With the transition period and the consolidation of different armed groups into the Congolese Army, the linguistic policy has returned to its previous form and Lingala is again the official language of the Army.
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