The Western Railway Corridor
(WRC), or Bealach Iarnród an Iarthair
(BII), in the Republic of Ireland
is a recent term for a mostly disused railway line running through the West of Ireland
. Currently only two sections from Limerick
and Collooney to Sligo see regular services, with other sections either closed, or only technically open.
In 2005 an Expert Working Group reported on the prospects for reopening
all or part of the corridor. In September 2006 the preservation and reclamation of the northern section was begun and the Government then announced funding to begin Phase 1 of the re-opening of the corridor, beginning with Ennis-Athenry and Athenry-Tuam. The reopening of these sections has been included in the Transport 21
infrastructural plan, and the National Development Plan 2007-2013 "Transforming Ireland - A Better Quality of Life for All"
Route and services
The Western Rail Corridor encompasses railways built by various companies throughout the late 1800s, forming a line from Limerick
. Towns along the WRC include Ennis
. The route crosses the Dublin
line at Athenry
, the Dublin
line at Claremorris
, and the Dublin
line at Collooney
. The route largely parallels the corridor served by the N17
Passenger services between Claremorris
ended in 1963, with the section being closed completely in 1975 (the track was left in situ but severed at Collooney). Passenger services between Limerick
ceased in 1976. In December 2003 a new seven/eight train a day service (seven days a week) started between Limerick and Ennis (connecting or continuing to/from Dublin
or Limerick Junction
Rail Freight Services
Freight services ran regularly on the Limerick to Claremorris section until the mid 1990s. However with the closure of the Asahi
factory near Ballina, regular freight services north of Athenry ceased in 1997. Fertiliser trains from Foynes
continued to use the line as far as Athenry until 2000 and bulk cement trains from the Irish Cements Ltd
Castlemungret factory near Limerick until 2001, when the line ceased to have any regular traffic. In 2002 the section from Athenry to Claremorris was severed at Athenry during re-signalling of the Galway line.
Container freight from Mayo has returned to the railway since 2006. Coillte, together with Mayo Industries group export several thousand container loads via Waterford port (Ireland's only rail connected port). This freight has transferred the equivalent of 16,000 Lorries from road to the rail network during the past year, which considerably enhances the prospect of an accelerated rebuilding of the Athenry-Tuam-Claremorris section of the Western Rail Corridor.
Debate on the need for the Corridor
The Western Rail Corridor has been supported by all the main political parties and by the local and regional authorities of the counties through which it passes. The case for its reopening has been articulated, among others, by Dr. Martin Mansergh in the Irish Times, (Restored Western Rail Corridor will reinvigorate west), 21st May 2005, , in the Sunday Independent (Lack of road and rail links' killing tourism in west), 14th August 2005, , by the Irish Hotels Federation, (Plans for Increased Regional Access Vital for Tourism Spread throughout Ireland), 13th February 2006, , in The Irish Times by the Western Development Commission (Let's put the west back on track), 12th June 2006, , in The Irish Times by the Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland, (Decentralisation, the WRC and Regional Development), 19th June 2006, , in the Irish Independent (Gridlock in Galway City), 14th August 2006, , by the Union of Students in Ireland, (Students call for Western Rail Corridor to re-open), Western People 6th September 2006, , and in the findings of a TG4 opinion poll in October 2006 (Opinion Poll Findings show Significant Passenger Demand for Western Rail Corridor ),
Questions have been raised about its viability by an editorial in the Irish Times, by an article in the Irish Independent,, by an article in the Clare People, by the lobby group, Platform 11 and by the Strategic Rail Review, 2003 Critics say that southern sections of the scheme are more viable than those closer to Sligo. Arguments against the reopening centre mostly on the wisdom of providing train services given the dispersed population patterns of the region. As the route from Ennis to Claremorris has now been approved under Transport 21, these arguments now apply only to the section between Claremorris and Collooney that has not yet received funding.
Supporters of the project predict that passenger numbers will be high enough to meet operational costs (see 8 above).
Opponents of the project counter that the railway would have few passengers and require an annual subsidy.
The presumed social benefits of restoring this rail service have been presented as an argument in favour of the project. The argument is that even if the line is not profitable, it will provide a vital social service for a poorly served region of the country.
Project opponents argue that social benefits will only be gained if the service is popular and return to their predictions of low passenger numbers (see above). Some also argue with the assumption that the West is receiving less than its fair share of government spending.
Report on transport budget underspend in the West of Ireland
A mid-term evaluation of the Irish government's National Development Plan
by the consultants INDECON
, is cited by some parties as a reason to build the Western Rail Corridor.
The report stated that only half the forecast NDP transport investment in the BMW region
for the period 2000-2002 was actually spent, a shortfall of €364 million.
Reliability of the McCann Expert Working Group report
Lobbyists for the project point to the recommendations of this report commissioned by the minister for transport as evidence that the project is justified.
However, Frank McDonald in an article in the Irish Times, based on information released under the Freedom of Information Act indicated that the report was rewritten to exclude any negative assessment of the viability of the project including a forecast that it would 'attract only 750 passengers per day and could require an annual subvention of up to €10 million'.
Criticisms of the Report have included the reliance on anecdotal testimony regarding freight demand and the absence of costings for rolling stock and operating expenses.
The effect of freight
The McCann Report suggests that the Ennis Claremorris Section could divert and grow Mayo to Waterford freight traffic via the Western Rail Corridor.
Opponents argue that rail freight volumes in the country have dropped near to zero in recent years and that indirect freight routes already exist from most large towns in the region.
Predicted results of the project
Supporters predict environmental and economic benefits will flow from increased tourism and industry following the line's successful restoration.
Opponents predict that, following the failure of the line to attract significant passenger numbers, future rail projects will have difficulty gaining funding in Ireland.
Infrastructure before development
Advocates of the project argue that key transport infrastructure should be built prior to development and may actually encourage development to take place. Land use and settlement strategies are in place in all of the counties along the route of the WRC as a result of direct initiatives by the County Development Boards and County Councils concerned. In addition the WRC is specified as a key infrastructural objective in the County Development Plans of Clare, Galway, Mayo and Sligo as well as the Regional Planning Guidelines of the West Regional Authority
Project opponents, however, argue that the local councils are not following land use policies that would create centres of population density around the railway stations along this route, but instead are continuing to permit isolated rural housing.
Timeline for the reopening of the corridor
The Expert Working Group Report
An Expert Working Group, headed by Pat McCann, CEO of Jurys Doyle Hotels, reported to the Minister for Transport regarding the prospects for reopening some or all of the route. The group was set up by Minister Séamus Brennan
at the urging of West-on-Track in June 2004 and delivered its report to Minister Martin Cullen
in May 2005.
The report recommended the reopening of most of the Corridor in three phases and the deferral of the reopening of the northernmost section:
Phase 1: Ennis to Athenry
58 km / 36 miles (€74.7 million)
Phase 2: Athenry to Tuam
25 km / 15.5 miles (€34.7 million)
Phase 3: Tuam to Claremorris
(subject to study of rail freight demand or in conjunction with phase 2)
27 km / 17 miles (€58.9 million)
Phase 4: Collooney to Claremorris
(subject to further feasibility studies and possibly justifiable on the grounds of balanced regional development)
74.43 km / 46.25 miles (€197.4 million)
Call for action
Frank Dawson, Director of Services for Galway County Council and a member of the Western InterCounty Railway Committee (which preceded the founding of West on Track but continues in existence) presented a paper to members of the Oireachtas on 5 October 2005 entitled Gold in the Ox Mountains. This new paper offers some criticisms of the Report as written by Mr. McCann. Mr. Dawson rejects the notion of strict cost-benefit in favour of "balanced regional development", claiming:
McCann conceded that re-opening Claremorris to Sligo would be very difficult to justify except on the grounds of balanced regional development.
That’s sounds to me like our national policy towards balanced regional development is optional.
On 1 November 2005
the Transport 21
plan was launched committing government expenditure of 34 billion euro between 2006 and 2015 on road, rail and light rail projects. The Western Railway Corridor commitments under this plan are largely those recommended by the McCann Report. These are:
- 2009 - Opening of Ennis-Athenry section
- 2011 - Opening of Athenry-Tuam section
- 2014 - Opening of Tuam-Claremorris section
Minister for Transport Martin Cullen also mentioned completing a feasibility into a rail link for Shannon International Airport in his speech at the launch.
Commencement of works
Following preliminary works in Winter and Spring of 2005-2006, official clearance work on the northern section of the line (Claremorris to Collooney) began on the 18th September. The work will be carried out by Iarnród Éireann over the next year.The purpose of the works is to re-establish the boundaries, prevent further deterioration of the line section and prevent any development that may otherwise impinge on the proposed detailed works required for the reopening of the line. Specifically, the works include fencing, hedge cutting, renewal of level crossing gates as well as the provision of some essential drainage, removal of ivy and overgrowth from bridges and the provision of mile posts.
The first tracks began to be laid on Friday November 16th 2007 on the line between Ennis and Athenry.
Government approval of funding and planning
On 26 September 2006, Minister for Transport Martin Cullen announced Government approval of funding for the reopening of the Ennis–Athenry section of the WRC, as well as the Athenry–Tuam section. Iarnród Éireann is to proceed with detailed planning and design of the project, including consultation with land owners and local authorities, as well as design of bridges and level crossings. The track renewal began in early 2007, with completion due in 2008 (for Ennis–Athenry)and an expected 7 trains per day in each direction..
The Ennis to Athenry railway will serve Limerick, Ennis, as well as new stations at Gort, Ardrahan and Craughwell, and Athenry and Galway. In addition, it will expand commuter links to Limerick and Galway. The Limerick to Galway service will also feed into expanded intercity services between Limerick and Dublin and between Galway and Dublin. Both routes are set for hourly services at peak and two hourly off-peak by 2008.
The investment project to be delivered by Iarnród Éireann involves a renewal of 58 km (36 mi) of track, including all necessary fencing and drainage and the installation of points and crossings at Gort and Ennis. A single 90 metres platform with furniture, shelter, signage, car park, PA, customer information systems, help point and CCTV provision will be provided at Gort, Ardrahan and Craughwell. These stations will also be accessible to the mobility impaired.
Customer Information Systems, PA, help-point and CCTV will be provided at Athenry and Ennis stations. Repair and improvement work will be undertaken on bridges on the route to allow rail services to operate. There will also be modernised signalling systems and improvement to level crossings.
- Johnson, S. (1997). Johnson's Atlas & Gazetteer of the Railways of Ireland, Midland Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85780-044-3.
- Current timetables (Limerick–Ennis service) from Iarnród Éireann website
- Report to the Minister for Transport from the Chairman of the Expert Working Group on the Western Rail Corridor (WRC), May 2005 from The Department of Transport