The Blood of Christ
in Christian theology
refers to (a) the physical blood actually shed by Jesus Christ
on the Cross
, and the salvation which Christianity
teaches was accomplished thereby; and (b) the Eucharistic
blood used at Holy Communion
, under species of wine.
The New Testament
teaches that the Blood of Christ is the means by which salvation has been accomplished for mankind , , , , , , ,
Ancient Christian Churches (Roman Catholicism
, Eastern Orthodox Churches
the Oriental Orthodox Churches
and the Church of the East
) together with some Anglicans
, believe in the Real Presence
of Christ in the Eucharist.
The Roman Catholic Church uses the term "Transubstantiation
" to describe the change of the bread and wine into into the body and blood of Christ. Eastern Orthodox too have authoritatively used the same term to describe the change, as in The Longer Catechism of The Orthodox, Catholic, Eastern Church
and in the decrees of the 1672 Synod of Jerusalem
The Lutheran churches follow the teaching of Martin Luther in defining the presence of Christ in the Eucharistic elements as sacramental union (often misconstrued as consubstantiation), meaning that the fundamental "substance" of the body and blood of Christ are present alongside the substance of the bread and wine, which remain present.
Most Protestant churches do not believe in the Real Presence, but observe Communion rites as Memorials.