Definitions

un governable

Uitvoerend Bewind

The Uitvoerend Bewind (Dutch for Executive Authority) was the name of the government of the Batavian Republic between 1798 and 1801. The president of the Uitvoerend Bewind was head of state of the Batavian Republic.

Unitarian Democrats

The political group of unitarian democrats was dissatisfied with the slowness of the progress of the Dutch parliament, the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic. They were in favour of a central authority, opposed federalism, and wanted general elections. Conservatives and moderates stood against such demands, and the country had become un-governable, without prospects of drafting a constitution.

Under the leadership of Pieter Vreede, the unitarian democrats engineered a coup d'état on January 25, 1798, with the help of general Herman Willem Daendels, and began to rule as the Uitvoerend Bewind, which soon became highly unpopular among their own supporters in the country.

Second Uitvoerend Bewind

A second coup followed on June 12, 1798, with the goal of removing the impopular rule. An interim government was installed, which would reign until new elections would bring a new Representative Assembly, still under universal suffrage (This was replaced by census suffrage after the coup d'état of 1801).

Between 1798 and 1801, the president of the Uitvoerend Bewind was the head of state of the Batavian Republic, and not as previously, the president of the Assembly.

Dutch heads of state between 1798 and 1801

From To
25 January 1798 24 February 1798 Pieter Vreede Uitvoerend
Bewind
25 February 1798 24 March 1798 Wijbo Fijnje
25 March 1798 24 April 1798 Stefanus Jacobus van Langen
25 April 1798 24 May 1798 Berend Wildrik
25 May 1798 12 June 1798 Johan Pieter Fokker
14 June 1798 17 August 1798 Jacobus Spoors Intermediair
Bestuur
(Interim
Government)
Gerrit Jan Pijman
Alexander Gogel
Reinier Willem Tadama
Abraham Jacques la Pierre
17 August 1798 16 September 1798 Albert Willem Hoeth Uitvoerend
Bewind
17 September 1798 16 October 1798 Johannes Willem van Hasselt
17 October 1798 16 November 1798 François Ermerins
17 November 1798 16 December 1798 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 December 1798 16 January 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus van Hooff
17 January 1799 16 February 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 February 1799 16 March 1799 Johannes Willem van Hasselt
17 March 1799 16 April 1799 François Ermerins
17 April 1799 16 May 1799 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 May 1799 16 June 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus van Hooff
17 June 1799 16 July 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 July 1799 16 August 1799 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 August 1799 16 September 1799 François Ermerins
17 September 1799 16 October 1799 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 October 1799 16 November 1799 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus van Hooff
17 November 1799 16 December 1799 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 December 1799 16 January 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 January 1800 16 February 1800 François Ermerins
17 February 1800 16 March 1800 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 March 1800 16 April 1800 Joannes Franciscus Rudolphus van Hooff
17 April 1800 16 May 1800 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 May 1800 16 June 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 June 1800 16 July 1800 François Ermerins
17 July 1800 16 August 1800 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 August 1800 16 September 1800 Jan Hendrik van Swinden
17 September 1800 16 October 1800 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 October 1800 16 November 1800 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 November 1800 16 December 1800 François Ermerins
17 December 1800 16 January 1801 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 January 1801 16 February 1801 Jan Hendrik van Swinden
17 February 1801 16 March 1801 Albert Willem Hoeth
17 March 1801 16 April 1801 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 April 1801 16 May 1801 François Ermerins
17 May 1801 16 June 1801 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden
17 June 1801 16 July 1801 Jan Hendrik van Swinden
17 July 1801 16 August 1801 Gerrit Jan Pijman
17 August 1801 16 September 1801 Augustijn Gerhard Besier
17 September 1801 16 October 1801 François Ermerins
17 October 1801 Anthonie Frederik Robbert Evert van Haersolte, Lord van Staverden

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