Ulyanovsk (Улья́новск), formerly Simbirsk (Симби́рск), is a city on the Volga River in Russia, 893 km east from Moscow. It is the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast, and the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin. Population: 635,947 (2002 Census); 625,155 (1989 Census).
In 1648, the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo founded a frontier fort of "Simbirsk" or "Sinbirsk" on top of the hill on the Western bank of the Volga River, designed to protect the eastern edge of the growing Russian Empire from the nomadic Nogais and to establish a foothold in the area. Just twenty years after founding, this fort managed to withstand a month-long siege by Stenka Razin's forces (some 20,000 in number). As the eastern border of Russia was rapidly pushed into Siberia, Simbirsk soon lost its strategic status and started to grow as a provincial town. It was promoted to city status in 1796. The Holy Trinity Cathedral was built in the restrained Neoclassical style in 1827–1841. The population of Simbirsk reached 26,000 by 1856; 43,000 by 1897. In 1924, the city was renamed Ulyanovsk in honor of its recently-deceased most famous son Vladimir Ulyanov, better known as Lenin, who was born there. Another Russian revolutionary leader Alexander Kerensky was also born in Simbirsk.
Ulyanovsk is a significant industrial city. It is home to UAZ, a large automobile manufacturing plant, UMZ and Aviastar-SP, an airplane plant that is best known as the manufacturer of the heavy aircraft An-124 "Ruslan", as well as a number of smaller factories. It is host to Ulyanovsk Vostochny Airport and Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Airport (Ulyanovsk Central Airport). It is also host to the 31st Airborne Brigade of the Russian Airborne Troops.
A railway bridge across the Volga was built in 1912–1916 and two automobile lanes were added to it in 1953–1958, allowing for the city to expand on the Eastern bank of the river and turning it into a transportation hub.
The Kuybyshev hydroelectric plant was built 200 km south of Ulyanovsk in 1955–1957, flooding significant territories north and south of Ulyanovsk and increasing the width of Volga by up to 25–35 km in some places, 3–6 km near Ulyanovsk.
At the present time, the aging and congested Ulyanovsk bridge is the only bridge across the Volga river along the 400 km stretch from Kazan to Tolyatti. A second bridge has been under construction since the late 1980s, but it is still far from being complete. When finished, it will be one of the largest bridges in Europe, at 5.5 km. Bridge is expected to be constructed to the end of 2008 and will be entering service at 2009.
City of Ulyanovsk is also a home of Ulyanovsk State University. Ulyanovsk affiliate of Moscow State University based on the traditions of classical education, was established by a resolution of the USSR Government in February 1988. In 1996, Ulyanovsk affiliate of MSU was reorganized into Ulyanovsk State University (USU).
At present USU is one of the largest higher educational institutions in the Volga region comprising 6 institutes, 6 independent faculties, 2 affiliates, 5 junior colleges, 6 learning centers. USU enrolls about 15 thousand students, among them 125 foreign citizens from 20 countries of the world. Out of 13 000 USU alumni about 700 have come from 30 countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, North and South America.
ULYANOVSK REGIONAL ARBITRATION COURT: "GORODSKOI TEPLOSERVICE" WILL PAY 11.6 MILLION RUBLES AS A TURNOVER FINE.
May 31, 2011; MOSCOW, Russia -- The following information was released by the Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation: On 27th...