is the core city of the region of Triângulo Mineiro
, western of Minas Gerais
. With a population of 608.369, as of 2007, the city is the third largest in the state only to Belo Horizonte
(2.412.937), the capital, and Contagem
(608.650), an industrial city located in the outskirts of the Greater Belo Horizonte.
Uberlândia is located in the Triângulo Mineiro
, one of the richest agricultural regions of Brazil. It is connected to major cities by the following federal highways: BR-050, BR-365, BR-455, BR-452, and BR-497. There are railway connections via the north-south Centro-Atlântica line.
Uberlândia is a statistical micro-region including the following municipalities: Araguari
, Cascalho Rico
, Monte Alegre de Minas
, and Uberlândia
. In 2007 the population was 818,395 inhabitants in a total area of 18,864.20 km². The population density (2000) was 43.38 inhab/km².
Uberlândia is well fitted with logistic facilities. With its strategic location in the central region of Brazil, the city has some of the best logistic equipment in the country: there are eight highways, with one being transformed into a four lane highway, the FEPASA railway, more than 1.6 million tons capacity of cereal storage, and more than five thousand trucks to deliver products to companies.
Self-sufficient in electric power, Uberlândia relies on 12 large power plants in operation and two more under construction in a radius of 250 km.
Uberlândia has the third largest airport in Minas Gerais and the 27th largest in Brazil in number of passengers transported, with flights operating to São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Goiânia, Brasília, Ribeirão Preto, Uberaba and charter flights to the state capitals of Northeast Brazil in the high season.
The city has several colleges and a federal university, the Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, with a university population of approximately thirty thousand students.
Economic importance in Brazil
Uberlândia takes in a consumer market of three and a half million inhabitants, being the link between the great urban centers of the coast and the hinterland of the country. In a radius of 600 km. around Uberlândia there are 50 million inhabitants, responsible for almost two thirds of the Brazilian GDP, which corresponds to two Argentinian economies.
Uberlândia is the main economic center of this region. It is the eighth city in the country in payment of federal taxes and the twentieth considering all the taxes. It is the third city in Minas Gerais in state taxes, after the capital Belo Horizonte and the municipality of Betim, where several automobile assembly plants are located.