, 1896-1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see Dada
). His theories are expressed in Sept manifestes dada
[seven dadaist manifestos] (1924). Tzara moved to Paris in 1921 and worked with André Breton. His poetry is collected in Vingt-cinque Poèmes
(1918) and De la coup aux lèvres
See his Approximate Man and Other Writings (tr. 1973).
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