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Rauza-tus-Safa

Rauza-tus-Safa fi Sirat-ul-Ambia wal Muluk wal Khulafa (The Gardens of Purity concerning the biography of the Prophets and Kings and Caliphs), (sometimes Rawdat al-Safa from the Arabic version) is a book about the origins of Islam, early Islamic history and Persian history by Muhammad ibn Khawand Shah ibn Mahmud, an historian also known as Khawand bin Badshah and simply Mirkhond. It was originally published in Persian in seven volumes, having been completed in the year 1497 C.E. (836 A.H.). The work is very scholarly, ibn Khawand used nineteen major Arabic histories and twenty-two major Persian ones as well as others which he occasionally quotes. His work was the basis for many subsequent histories including the works of Haji Khalfa.

The Rauza-tus-Safa ought not to be confused with the Rauza-tul-Albabfi Ta-arikh-i-Akabir-wal Ansab (The Garden of the Learned in the History of Great Men and Genealogies) by Abu Suleman Daud bin Abul Fatal Muhammad Albenaketi which was published earlier, in 1317 C.E. (717 AH.).

In the West

About 1596 Pedro Teixeira prepared a Spanish translation of the Rauza-tus-Safa. The book was partially translated into English in 1715, into Latin in 1782, and into French in 1793. It was fully republished in Persian in 1852 AD, in Bombay. From 1891 to 1894, a translation of the first three volumes into English was prepared by Edward Rehatsek and edited by Forster Fitzgerald Arbuthnot for the Royal Asiatic Society. Volume 2 (The life of Muhammad) was translated into English in 1983 by Mubarik Ali Shah Jilani Hashmi (Mubarak Ali Gilani).

Of particular interest to Christian scholars is that in Rauza-tus-Safa, ibn Khawand tells the story of Jesus’s travels after a failed crucifixion. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community support some of their beliefs using the Rauza-tus-Safa.

Notes

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