The depression was the center (A.D. 200-400) of a flourishing civilization in which Indian and Persian elements were combined. This civilization was later absorbed by the Uigurs, who had their capital at nearby Gaochang (9th-13th cent.). Also nearby are the ruins of the ancient city of Jiaohe and the Bezeklik cave temples. Archaeological finds made in the early 20th cent. include much Nestorian literature and the bulk of the extant Manichaean literature.
In western China, a white grape's raisin d'etre; The superiority of Turpan raisins, a sweet-and-sour fruit, is among the few things that the Han and Uighur ethnic groups can agree on.(WORLD)
Sep 25, 2003; Byline: Robert Marquand At the mayor of Urumchi's banquet, and at a gala roasted-mutton fest in a crowded Uighur restaurant, as...