' or turgidity is the main pressure of the cell
contents against the cell wall
in plant cells
and bacteria cells, determined by the water content of the vacuole
, resulting from osmotic pressure
, i.e. the hydrostatic pressure
produced by a solution in a space divided by a semipermeable membrane
due to a differential in the concentration of solute. Turgid plant cells contain more water than flaccid cells and exert a greater osmotic pressure on its cell walls.
Turgor is a force exerted outward on a plant cell wall by the H2O contained in the cell. This force gives the plant rigidity, and may help to keep it erect. Turgor may also result in the bursting of a cell.
"[P]lants wilt not only when they lose water through evaporation but also when they are surrounded by an aqueous solution of common salt, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, sugar or other substance, if the solution is of higher osmotic pressure
, whereas they do not wilt if the osmotic pressure is lower.
Campbell, N. A., Reece, J. B. Biology: Sixth Edition; Benjamin Cummings: New York, NY, 2002; Vol. 1.