is a surgical operation to correct a fallopian tube obstruction
or adhesion, to achieve a pregnancy in women with tubal infertility
. Thus, it is a form of assisted reproductive technology
A number of surgical techniques are performed through either a laparotomy
approach. Techniques include the use of microsurgery
, mechanical dissection
, and use of surgical stents
, hoods, adhesions barriers, and more. Results depend on the underlying pathology and the skill of the surgeon. Ectopic pregnancy
is a complication after a tuboplasty.
Prior to the advent of in-vitro-fertilization (IVF
) surgical correction was the usual approach for women with tubal infertility who wanted to get pregnant. However, since about 1990 IVF technology has increasingly supplanted tuboplasty as a treatment for tubal infertility.