The Quill, formally known as Mount Mazinga, is a stratovolcano located on the island of St. Eustatius in the Netherlands Antilles. The summit elevation is 601m above sea-level.
The name Quill originates from the Dutch term kuil, meaning pit or hole, which was used originally with reference to Mount Mazinga's volcanic crater. The Quill was designated as a national park by the government of the Netherlands Antilles in 1998. It is administered by the St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation (Stenapa), which maintains a number of trails for hikers.
The Quill formed between 22,000 and 32,000 years before present to the southeast of St. Eustatius
(Statia) in the West Indies
. Pyroclastic flows
during the initial eruption joined The Quill with St. Eustatius. The Quill has been active since its birth; the last known eruption, as determined by carbon dating
, occurred between 1755 and 1635 years before present. Since volcanic eruptions from The Quill have included pyroclastic flows
, and groundwater heating indicates that The Quill is only dormant, the volcano must be regarded as potentially dangerous.
Flora and Fauna
The crater of the Quill contains a lush rainforest populated by native and introduced tropical trees and plants. These include elephant ears
, tree ferns
, trumpet wood, mahogany
, seedless breadfruit
, Surinam cherry, ginger bush and edible raspberries
, as well as at least 17 different kinds of orchids
. Resident animal species include iguanas
, hermit crabs
, exotic birds, and occasional goats and chickens that have strayed from nearby Oranjestad. Hunting land crabs in the Quill crater is a somewhat popular evening pastime of islanders.