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Lists of tropical cyclone names

Due to their long-term persistence, and the need for a unique identifier in issuing forecasts and warnings, tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones are given names according to policy. The following are lists from which these tropical and subtropical cyclone names are derived.

North Atlantic

North Atlantic Ocean storms are named by the U.S. National Hurricane Center from the following lists. There have been six lists of names in use since 1979 (List I). The lists make use of names from both sexes. They are in alphabetical order and lists are recycled after six years, with List VI in use for the 2008 season, although the names of notable hurricanes are retired by the WMO on request. All letters of the alphabet are used except Q, U, X, Y and Z.

Gender alternates both between adjacent names in a list (a male name is followed by a female one and vice versa) and between initial names between lists (if one year's list starts with a female name, the next year's list begins with a male one and vice versa).

If the names on a list are all used, storms are then named after the letters of the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, etc.) Greek names, unlike the names in the regular lists, cannot be retired. In case a storm reached the magnitude that might otherwise have led to retirement, the storm would be listed with the retired names with a footnote indicating the Greek letter would still be available for future storms. The use of 21 names was established in reference to the 1933 Atlantic hurricane season which had been the record holder for the most storms in the region. This record was broken during the 2005 season, which saw 28 storms (27 named and one unnamed), and saw the first use of the Greek alphabet to name storms.

List I
(2009)
    List II
(2010)
    List III
(2011)
    List IV
(2012)
    List V
(2013)
    List VI
(2008)
• Ana
• Bill
• Claudette
• Danny
• Erika
• Fred
• Grace
• Henri
• Ida
• Joaquin
• Kate
• Larry
• Mindy
• Nicholas
• Odette
• Peter
• Rose
• Sam
• Teresa
• Victor
• Wanda
• Alex
• Bonnie
• Colin
• Danielle
• Earl
• Fiona
• Gaston
• Hermine
• Igor
• Julia
• Karl
• Lisa
• Matthew
• Nicole
• Otto
• Paula
• Richard
• Shary
• Tomas
• Virginie
• Walter
• Arlene
• Bret
• Cindy
• Don
• Emily
• Franklin
• Gert
• Harvey
• Irene
• Jose
• Katia
• Lee
• Maria
• Nate
• Ophelia
• Philippe
• Rina
• Sean
• Tammy
• Vince
• Whitney
• Alberto
• Beryl
• Chris
• Debby
• Ernesto
• Florence
• Gordon
• Helene
• Isaac
• Joyce
• Kirk
• Leslie
• Michael
• Nadine
• Oscar
• Patty
• Rafael
• Sandy
• Tony
• Valerie
• William
• Andrea
• Barry
• Chantal
• Dorian
• Erin
• Fernand
• Gabrielle
• Humberto
• Ingrid
• Jerry
• Karen
• Lorenzo
• Melissa
• Nestor
• Olga
• Pablo
• Rebekah
• Sebastian
• Tanya
• Van
• Wendy
• Arthur
• Bertha
• Cristobal
• Dolly
• Edouard
• Fay
• Gustav
• Hanna
• Ike
• Josephine
• Kyle
• Laura
• Marco
• Nana
• Omar
• Paloma
• Rene
• Sally
• Teddy
• Vicky
• Wilfred

South Atlantic

Because of the rarity of tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic Ocean, there is no naming scheme for storms that occur there.

When a hurricane formed there in 2004, it was informally named Catarina after Santa Catarina in Brazil, where it made landfall. Some meteorologists, however, referred to it as Hurricane Aldonça, with the idea of using an A name for the first storm.

North Pacific east of 140°W

Eastern North Pacific naming follows the same scheme as the North Atlantic, but with its own lists. The present naming system was introduced a year earlier than the Atlantic system, when List IV was used anomalously in 1978, but List I was used in 1979 in parallel with that in the Atlantic. Names starting with X, Y and Z were only added in 1985 when the number of storms threatened to exhaust the list and are repeated every two years instead of every six as very few names begin with X, Y and Z (Xina was used in 1985, and Zeke in 1992). Q and U names remain unused, however. Hurricane names are retired as in the Atlantic, but names are more rarely retired as they are rarely damaging; the last hurricane to have its name retired was Hurricane Kenna of 2002.

List I
(2008)
    List II
(2009)
    List III
(2010)
    List IV
(2011)
    List V
(2012)
    List VI
(2013)
• Alma
• Boris
• Cristina
• Douglas
• Elida
• Fausto
• Genevieve
• Hernan
• Iselle
• Julio
• Karina
• Lowell
• Marie
• Norbert
• Odile
• Polo
• Rachel
• Simon
• Trudy
• Vance
• Winnie
• Xavier
• Yolanda
• Zeke
• Andres
• Blanca
• Carlos
• Dolores
• Enrique
• Felicia
• Guillermo
• Hilda
• Ignacio
• Jimena
• Kevin
• Linda
• Marty
• Nora
• Olaf
• Patricia
• Rick
• Sandra
• Terry
• Vivian
• Waldo
• Xina
• York
• Zelda
• Agatha
• Blas
• Celia
• Darby
• Estelle
• Frank
• Georgette
• Howard
• Isis
• Javier
• Kay
• Lester
• Madeline
• Newton
• Orlene
• Paine
• Roslyn
• Seymour
• Tina
• Virgil
• Winifred
• Xavier
• Yolanda
• Zeke
• Adrian
• Beatriz
• Calvin
• Dora
• Eugene
• Fernanda
• Greg
• Hilary
• Irwin
• Jova
• Kenneth
• Lidia
• Max
• Norma
• Otis
• Pilar
• Ramon
• Selma
• Todd
• Veronica
• Wiley
• Xina
• York
• Zelda
• Aletta
• Bud
• Carlotta
• Daniel
• Emilia
• Fabio
• Gilma
• Hector
• Ileana
• John
• Kristy
• Lane
• Miriam
• Norman
• Olivia
• Paul
• Rosa
• Sergio
• Tara
• Vicente
• Willa
• Xavier
• Yolanda
• Zeke
• Alvin
• Barbara
• Cosme
• Dalila
• Erick
• Flossie
• Gil
• Henriette
• Ivo
• Juliette
• Kiko
• Lorena
• Manuel
• Narda
• Octave
• Priscilla
• Raymond
• Sonia
• Tico
• Velma
• Wallis
• Xina
• York
• Zelda

As in the Atlantic, the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, etc.) would be used to name any additional cyclones if there are more than 24 named storms in one season. Unlike in the Atlantic, this has never happened in the Pacific.

Central North Pacific (Date line to 140W)

Central North Pacific storms are named by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center in Honolulu, Hawaii from the following lists (arranged in order of the Hawaiian alphabet). The lists are used in rotating order without regard to year; the first name for a new year is the next name that was not used the previous year. The last name used from this list was Kika, in the 2008 season. The next tropical storm that forms in the Central Pacific will be named Lana, as of the 2008 season. As with the National Hurricane Center's lists, the names of damaging storms are retired (for example, Iniki was replaced with Iolana).

List I List II List III List IV

  • Akoni
  • Ema
  • Hone
  • Iona
  • Keli
  • Lala
  • Moke
  • Nolo
  • Olana
  • Pena
  • Ulana
  • Wale

  • Aka
  • Ekeka
  • Hene
  • Iolana
  • Keoni
  • Lino
  • Mele
  • Nona
  • Oliwa
  • Pama
  • Upana
  • Wene

  • Alika
  • Ele
  • Huko
  • Iopa
  • Kika
  • Lana
  • Maka
  • Neki
  • Omeka
  • Pewa
  • Unala
  • Wali

  • Ana
  • Ela
  • Halola
  • Iune
  • Kilo
  • Loke
  • Malia
  • Niala
  • Oho
  • Pali
  • Ulika
  • Walaka

Western North Pacific

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones are named by the Tokyo Typhoon Center of the Japan Meteorological Agency. Names are selected from the following lists, which were contributed by members of the WMO Typhoon Committee. Each of the 14 nations or territories submitted 10 names, which are used in alphabetical order, by the English name of the country.

Contributing Nation Names
Cambodia Damrey Kong-rey Nakri Krovanh Sarika
China Haikui  Yutu Fengshen Dujuan Haima
DPR Korea Kirogi Toraji Kalmaegi Mujigae Meari
Hong Kong Kai-Tak Man-yi Fung-wong  Choi-wan Ma-on
Japan Tembin Usagi Kammuri Koppu Tokage
Laos Bolaven Pabuk Phanfone Ketsana Nock-ten
Macau Sanba Wutip Vongfong Parma Muifa
Malaysia Jelawat Sepat Nuri Melor Merbok
Micronesia Ewiniar Fitow Sinlaku Nepartak Nanmadol
Philippines Maliksi Danas Hagupit Lupit Talas
RO Korea Gaemi Nari Jangmi Mirinae Noru
Thailand Prapiroon Wipha Mekkhala Nida Kulap
U.S.A. Maria Francisco Higos Omais Roke
Vietnam Son Tinh Lekima Bavi Conson Sonca
Cambodia Bopha Krosa Maysak Chanthu Nesat
China Wukong Haiyan Haishen Dianmu Haitang
DPR Korea Sonamu Podul Noul Mindulle Nalgae
Hong Kong Shanshan Lingling Dolphin Lionrock Banyan
Japan Yagi Kajiki Kujira Kompasu Washi
Laos Leepi Faxai Chan-hom Namtheun  Pakhar
Macau Bebinca Peipah Linfa Malou Sanvu
Malaysia Rumbia Tapah Nangka Meranti Mawar
Micronesia Soulik Mitag Soudelor Fanapi Guchol
Philippines Cimaron Hagibis Molave Malakas Talim
RO Korea Jebi Neoguri Goni Megi Doksuri
Thailand Mangkhut Rammasun  Morakot Chaba Khanun
U.S.A. Utor Matmo Etau Aere Vicente
Vietnam Trami Halong Vamco Songda Saola
Note: Names listed under United States are from Chamorro (language of the Mariana Islands), Palauan, and Marshallese. Names listed under Micronesia are from the four main languages of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Weather offices in the FSM, Palau and the Marshall Islands are funded by and administratively under the United States' National Weather Service.

Philippines

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones (including tropical depressions) within its area of responsibility. These names are used along with the international names in the Western North Pacific. Lists are recycled every four years and are effective from 2008. If the list of names for a given year is insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list.

List 1
2009
List 2
2010
List 3
2011
List 4
2008

  • Auring
  • Bising
  • Crising
  • Dante
  • Emong
  • Feria
  • Gorio
  • Huaning
  • Isang
  • Jolina
  • Kiko
  • Labuyo
  • Maring
  • Nando
  • Ondoy
  • Pepeng
  • Quedan
  • Ramil
  • Santi
  • Tino
  • Urduja
  • Vinta
  • Wilma
  • Yolanda
  • Zoraida
  • Agaton
  • Basyang
  • Caloy
  • Domeng
  • Ester
  • Florita
  • Glenda
  • Henry
  • Inday
  • Juan
  • Katring
  • Luis
  • Milenyo
  • Neneng
  • Ompong
  • Paeng
  • Queenie
  • Reming
  • Seniang
  • Tomas
  • Usman
  • Venus
  • Waldo
  • Yayang
  • Zeny
  • Amang
  • Bebeng
  • Chedeng
  • Dodong
  • Egay
  • Falcon
  • Goring
  • Hanna
  • Ineng
  • Juaning
  • Kabayan
  • Lando
  • Mina
  • Nonoy
  • Onyok
  • Pedring
  • Quiel
  • Ramon
  • Sendong
  • Tisoy
  • Ursula
  • Viring
  • Weng
  • Yoyoy
  • Zigzag
  • Ambo
  • Butchoy
  • Cosme
  • Dindo
  • Enteng
  • Frank
  • Gener
  • Helen
  • Igme
  • Julian
  • Karen
  • Lawin
  • Marce
  • Nina
  • Ofel
  • Pablo
  • Quinta
  • Rolly
  • Siony
  • Tonyo
  • Ulysses
  • Vicky
  • Warren
  • Yoyong
  • Zosimo
  • Auxiliary

    • Alamid
    • Bruno
    • Conching
    • Dolor
    • Ernie
    • Florante
    • Gerardo
    • Hernan
    • Isko
    • Jerome
  • Agila
  • Bagwis
  • Chito
  • Diego
  • Elena
  • Felino
  • Gunding
  • Harriet
  • Indang
  • Jessa
  • Abe
  • Berto
  • Charo
  • Dado
  • Estoy
  • Felion
  • Gening
  • Herman
  • Irma
  • Jaime
  • Alakdan
  • Baldo
  • Clara
  • Dencio
  • Estong
  • Felipe
  • Gardo
  • Heling
  • Ismael
  • Julio
  • North Indian Ocean

    This list is effective from mid-2004 until 2009. The names will be used sequentially and once only.

    Contributing Nations List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8

  • Onil
  • Agni
  • Hibaru
  • Pyarr
  • Baaz
  • Fanoos
  • Mala
  • Mukda
  • Ogni
  • Akash
  • Gonu
  • Yemyin
  • Sidr
  • Nargis
  • Rashmi
  • Khai−Muk
  • Nisha
  • Bijli
  • Aila
  • Phyan
  • Ward
  • Laila
  • Bandu
  • Phet
  • Giri
  • Jal
  • Keila
  • Thane
  • Mujan
  • Nilam
  • Mahasen
  • Phailin
  • Helen
  • Leher
  • Madi
  • Na−nauk
  • Hudhud
  • Nilofar
  • Priya
  • Komen
  • Chapala
  • Megh
  • Roanu
  • Kyant
  • Nada
  • Vardah
  • Asiri
  • Mora
  • Ockhi
  • Sagar
  • Makunu
  • Daye
  • Luban
  • Titli
  • Gigum
  • Phethai
  • Fani
  • Vayu
  • Hikaa
  • Kyarr
  • Maha
  • Bulbul
  • Soba
  • Amphan
  • Names updated 2008 IMD List

    Australia

    The Australian cyclone authorities give cyclones names for cyclones that form around Australia. The lists are similar to the Hawaiian list in how they operate. The lists are used in rotating order without regard to year (the first name for a new year is the next name that was not used the previous year), and damaging storm names are retired.

    In the Australian region non-frontal low pressure systems of synoptic scale developing over warm waters are named whenever observations and/or Dvorak intensity analysis indicate the presence of gale force or stronger winds near the centre. It should be emphasized that an unnamed tropical system may have gales in one or more quadrants, but not near the centre. This is quite different from the Atlantic standard.

    Names
    style="color: #888;" | Anika Anthony Alessia Alfred Ann
    style="color: #888;" | Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
    style="color: #888;" | Cathy Carlos Charlotte Caleb Claudia
    style="color: #888;" | Dominic Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
    style="color: #888;" | Ellie Errol Edna Ernie Esther
    style="color: #888;" | Freddy Fina Fletcher Frances Ferdinand
    style="color: #888;" | Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg Gretel
    style="color: #888;" | Hamish Heidi Hadi Hilda Harold
    style="color: #888;" | Ilsa Iggy Ita Ira Imogen
    style="color: #888;" | Jasper Jasmine Jack Joyce Joshua
    style="color: #888;" | Kirrily Koji Kate Kelvin Kimi
    style="color: #888;" | Laurence Lua Lam Linda Lucas
    style="color: #888;" | Magda Mitchell Marcia Marcus Marian
    style="color: #888;" | Neville Narelle Nathan Nora Noah
    style="color: #888;" | Olga Oswald Olwyn Owen Odette
    style="color: #888;" | Paul Peta Quang Penny Paddy
    style="color: #888;" | Robyn Rusty Raquel Riley Ruby
    style="color: #888;" | Sean Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
    style="color: #888;" | Tasha Tim Tatjana Trevor Tiffany
    style="color: #888;" | Vince Victoria Uriah Veronica Verdun
    style="color: #888;" | Zelia Zane Yvette Wallace

    South-west Indian Ocean

    According to the operational plan, a tropical disturbance is named when reaching the stage of moderate tropical storm. If a tropical disturbance reaches "moderate tropical storm" status west of 55 degrees east longitude, then the Sub-regional Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centre in Madagascar assigns the appropriate name to the storm. If a tropical disturbance reaches "moderate tropical storm" status between 55 and 90 degrees east longitude, then the Sub-regional Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centre in Mauritius assigns the appropriate name to the storm. A new annual list is used every year so there is no need to consider the retirement of names.

    2008/2009

    • Asma - Bernard - Cinda - Dongo - Eric - Fanele - Gael - Hina - Izilda - Jade - Kago - Lisebo - Magoma - Newa - Owami - Pulane - Qoli - Rute - Sama - Tsholo - Uzale - Vimbai - Wada - Xylo - Yamba - Zita

    Fiji

    Names in the list are used sequentially and is effective from 2008 onwards. List A, B, C and D is use sequentially. List E is a list of replacement names.
    List A List B List C List D List E
    (standby)

    • Ana
    • Bina
    • Cody
    • Dovi
    • Eva
    • Fili
    • Gina
    • Hagar
    • Irene
    • Judy
    • Kerry
    • Lola
    • Mal
    • Nat
    • Olof
    • Pita
    • Rae
    • Sheila
    • Tam
    • Urmil
    • Vaianu
    • Wati
    • Xavier
    • Yani
    • Zita

    • Arthur
    • Becky
    • Chip
    • Denia
    • Elisa
    • Fotu
    • Glen
    • Hettie
    • Innis
    • Joni
    • Ken
    • Lin
    • Mick
    • Nisha
    • Oli
    • Pat
    • Rene
    • Sarah
    • Tomas
    •   —
    • Vania
    • Wilma
    •   —
    • Yasi
    • Zaka

    • Atu
    • Bune
    • Cyril
    • Daphne
    • Evan
    • Freda
    • Garry
    • Heley
    • Ian
    • June
    • Kofi
    • Lusi
    • Mike
    • Nute
    • Odile
    • Pam
    • Reuben
    • Solo
    • Tuni
    • Ula
    • Victor
    • Winston
    •   —
    • Yalo
    • Zena

    • Amos
    • Bart
    • Colin
    • Donna
    • Ella
    • Frank
    • Gita
    • Hali
    • Iris
    • Jo
    • Kala
    • Leo
    • Mona
    • Neil
    • Oma
    • Pami
    • Rita
    • Sarai
    • Tino
    •   —
    • Vicky
    • Wiki
    •   —
    • Yolande
    • Zazu

    • Alvin
    • Bela
    • Cook
    • Dean
    • Eden
    • Florin
    • Garth
    • Hart
    • Isa
    • Julie
    • Kevin
    • Louise
    • Moses
    • Niko
    • Opeti
    • Pearl
    • Rex
    • Suki
    • Troy
    • Vanessa
    • Wano
    • Yvonne
    • Zidane
    • Saga
    • Lea
    • Kamu
    • Pena
    • Elia

    TCWC Port Morseby

    Tropical cyclones that develop north of 10°S between 141°E and 160°E are assigned names by the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. The list is effective from 1 July 2008. Names are used sequentially. List B details replacement names for list A which will be added in the bottom of list A to maintain the alphabetical order.

    List A   List B

    • Alu
    • Buri
    • Dodo
    • Emau
    • Fere
    • Hibu
    • Ila
    • Kama
    • Lobu
    • Maila

    • Nou
    • Obaha
    • Paia
    • Ranu
    • Sabi
    • Tau
    • Ume
    • Vali
    • Wau
    • Auram

    TCWC Jakarta

    Tropical cyclones that develop between the Equator and 10°S and between 90°E and 125°E are assigned names by the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre in Jakarta, Indonesia. The list is effective from 1 July 2008. Names are used sequentially. Standby list B details replacement names for list A which will be added in the bottom of list A to maintain the alphabetical order.

    List A   List B
    (standby)

    • Anggrek
    • Bakung
    • Cempaka
    • Dahlia
    • Flamboyan
    • Kenanga
    • Lili
    • Mawar
    • Seroja
    • Teratai

    • Anggur
    • Belimbing
    • Duku
    • Jambu
    • Lengkeng
    • Mangga
    • Nangka
    • Pisang
    • Rambuta
    • Sawo

    See also

    References

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