Naihati (In Bengali: নৈহাটী) is a town and an important railway junction station on the Indian Railways network, in the district of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India.
Naihati is located at . It has an average elevation of 15 metres
Being situated in the tropics, the climate of Naihati is primarily hot and humid summers and cool and dry winters. The rain bearing clouds from the Bay of Bengal brings torrential rain in the monsoon. In the summer temperature goes as high as the mid 40 degree celsius and in the winter it may reach 8 degree celsius.
As of 2001
, Naihati had a population of 215,432. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Naihati has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 70%. In Naihati, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The Jute Mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area.
With the partition of India there was a massive influx of refugees from East Pakistan into Kolkata and its peripheral areas. Of over a million refugees who entered West Bengal in 1950 alone settled mostly in squatter colonies between Naihati and Sonarpur on the east bank of the Hooghly and between Mogra and Uluberia on the west bank.
It takes one hour to reach Sealdah
station by train. It is 38 km from Sealdah. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway
system. It is connected to Bandel
on the Howrah-Bardhaman main line. The journey takes about 20 minutes. Naihati is also connected to Kolkata by ferry. The transport via road is chiefly via the well known 85 route (name of the bus route) which operates between Barrackpore
In 1857, the East Bengal Railway (EBR) was formed to lay the tracks along the east bank of the Hooghly River to Kushtia and then across the river to Dhaka. The Jubilee Bridge linking Bandel and Naihati was opened on 21st Febeuary 1887, so that up country freight traffic could run through to Kolkata port.
Ranjit Kundu of CPI (M) won the Naihati assembly seat defeating Dhillon Sarkar of AITC in 2006, and Tarun Adhikary of AITC in 2001 and INC in 1996. Kishore Kr. Rawat won the Naihati Municipality election. Tarun Adhikary of AITC won the seat Shyamal Bhattacharjee of JD in 1991 and Gopal Basu of CPI (M) in 1987. Ajit Basu of CPI (M) won the seat in 1982 defeating Ranjit Bhattacharya of INC. Gopal Basu of CPI (M) won in 1977 defeating Jagadish Chakrabarty of INC.
Naihati is part of Barrackpore (Lok Sabha constituency)
There is a famous college named Rishi Bankim Chandra College which is affiliated to the University of Calcutta
. Now it is triparted as Rishi Bankim Chandra Girl's college (in morning shift), Rishi Bankim Chandra College (Co-education in day shift) and Rishi Bankim Chandra Evening College (in night shift). There are many Bengali medium schools as well as English medium schools in Naihati.
Kanthalpara in Naihati is the birth place of the famous Bengali literary giant Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. It is situated in the industrial regions of the suburban Calcutta. Life in the town revolves around the Hooghly River. Haraprasad Shastri, the academician was born in Naihati. It is also the birthplace of Bengali singers Shyamal Mitra and Mrinal Kanti Ghoshand modern Bengali story writer and novelist Samaresh Bose.