- For the U.S. government securities, see Treasury security. Also see treasury management.
is any place where the currency or items of high monetary value are kept. The term was first used in Classical
times to describe the votive buildings erected to house gifts to the gods
, such as the Siphnian Treasury
or many similar buildings erected in Olympia, Greece
by competing city-states to impress others during the ancient Olympic Games
The head of a Treasury is typically known as a Treasurer. This position may not necessarily have the final control over the actions of the Treasury particularly if they are not an elected representative.
Examples of treasuries
In the United Kingdom
, Her Majesty's Treasury
is overseen by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
. The traditional honorary title of First Lord of the Treasury
is held by the Prime Minister
. Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs
administers the taxation
In the United States, the Treasurer reports to an executive-appointed Secretary of the Treasury. The IRS is the revenue agency of the US Department of Treasury.
Ministry of Finance
In many other countries, the treasury is called the Ministry of Finance
and the head is known as the Finance Minister. Examples include New Zealand
a Treasurer and a Finance Minister co-exist. The Treasurer is responsible for drafting the government budget and coordinating government expenditure. The Finance Minister is responsible for government policy guidelines for commonwealth
, statutory authorities
, and superannuation