Wounds and injuries are assessed as being serious or not serious (a process known as triage) upon admission to a hospital's Casualty department (Emergency Department ED (but also still called Accident and Emergency A&E in the UK), Emergency Room ER in US). A wound is usually caused by mechanical force, or sometimes by chemical reactions as in the case of burns.
Factors in the assessment of wounds are:
Forensic physicians, as well as pathologists may also be required to examine wounds (traumas) on persons alive or deceased.
The field of trauma research and practice focusing on psychological trauma has also been called Traumatic Stress Studies (Figley, 1978) and Psychotraumatology (Everly & Lating, 1995. The first use of traumatology as a field representing this broader psychosocial meaning was published in Helping the Hurt Child (Donovan & McIntyre, 1990). The International Journal of Traumatology, emerged in 1995.
Traumatology can also refer to the study, development and application of pyschological and counselling services for people who have experienced extreme events - e.g. see Wiki Glossary of Traumatology under External Links