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Sura

[soor-uh]
Sura (sometimes spelt "Surah" سورة , plural "Suwar" سور) is an Arabic term literally meaning "something enclosed or surrounded by a fence or wall." The term is commonly used to mean a "chapter" of the Qur'an, each of which is traditionally ordered roughly in order of decreasing length. Each Sura is named for a word or name mentioned in an ayah (section), of that 'Sura'. Some 'Sura' were surprising to Muslims at the time of their revelation; for example, the elevated status of Mary - a believing woman and the mother of Jesus - which is mentioned in Sura 19 ("Maryam/Mary").

List of Sura in the Qur'an

The 114 suras are:

  1. Al-Fatiha (The Opening), 7 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  2. Al-Baqara (The Heifer, The Cow), 286 ayat, 40 rukus, Madinan sura
  3. Al-i-Imran (The Family of Imran), 200 ayat, 20 rukus, Madinan sura
  4. An-Nisa (The Women), 176 ayat, 24 rukus, Madinan sura
  5. Al-Ma'ida (The Table Spread, The Table), 120 ayat, 16 rukus, Madinan sura
  6. Al-An'am (The Cattle), 165 ayat, 20 rukus, Makkan sura
  7. Al-A'raf (The Heights), 206 ayat, 24 rukus Makkan sura
  8. Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War), 75 ayat, 10 rukus, Madinan sura
  9. At-Tawba (The Repentance), 129 ayat, 16 rukus, Madinan sura
  10. Yunus (Jonah), 109 ayat, 11 rukus, Makkan sura
  11. Hud (Hud), 123 ayat, 10 rukus, Makkan sura
  12. Yusuf (Joseph), 111 ayat, 12 rukus, Makkan sura
  13. Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder), 43 ayat, 6 rukus, Madinan sura
  14. Ibrahim (Abraham), 52 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
  15. Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract, Al-Hijr, The Stoneland, The Rock City), 99 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  16. An-Nahl (The Honey Bee), 128 ayat, 16 rukus, Makkan sura
  17. Al-Isra (Isra, The Night Journey, The Children of Israel), 111 ayat, 12 rukus, Makkan sura
  18. Al-Kahf (The Cave), 110 ayat, 12 rukus Makkan sura
  19. Maryam (Mary), 98 ayat,6 rukus, Makkan sura
  20. Ta-Ha (Ta-Ha), 135 ayat, 8 rukus, Makkan sura
  21. Al-Anbiya (The Prophets), 112 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
  22. Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj), 78 ayat, 10 rukus, Madinan sura
  23. Al-Muminun (The Believers), 118 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  24. An-Noor (The Light), 64 ayat, 9 rukus, Madinan sura
  25. Al-Furqan (The Criterion, The Standard), 77 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  26. Ash-Shu'ara (The Poets), 227 ayat, 11 rukus, Makkan sura
  27. An-Naml (The Ant, The Ants), 93 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
  28. Al-Qasas (The Narrations, The Stories), 88 ayat, 9 rukus, Makkan sura
  29. Al-Ankabut (The Spider), 69 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
  30. Ar-Rum (The Romans, The Byzantines), 60 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  31. Luqman (Luqman), 34 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
  32. As-Sajda (The Prostration, Worship, Adoration), 30 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  33. Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces), 73 ayat, 9 rukus, Madinan sura
  34. Saba (Saba, Sheba), 54 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  35. Fatir (The Originator), 45 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
  36. Ya-Seen (Ya-seen), 83 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
  37. As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks), 182 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
  38. Sad (The Letter Sad), 88 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
  39. Az-Zumar (The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs), 75 ayat, 8 rukus, Makkan sura
  40. Ghafir, Al Mu'min (The Forgiver(God), The Believer), 85 ayat, 9 rukus, Makkan sura
  41. Fussilat (Expounded, Explained In Detail), 54 ayat, 6 rukus, Makkan sura
  42. Ash-Shura (The Consultation), 53 ayat, 5 rukus, Makkan sura
  43. Az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments Of Gold, Luxury), 89 ayat, 7 rukus, Makkan sura
  44. Ad-Dukhan (The Smoke), 59 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  45. Al-Jathiya (The Kneeling Down ,Crouching), 37 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
  46. Al-Ahqaf (Winding Sand-tracts, The Wind-curved Sandhills, The Dunes), 35 ayat, 4 rukus, Makkan sura
  47. Muhammad (Muhammad), 38 ayat, 4 rukus, Madinan sura
  48. Al-Fath (The Victory, Conquest), 29 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  49. Al-Hujurat (The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments), 18 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  50. Qaf (The Letter Qaf), 45 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  51. Adh-Dhariyat (The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds), 60 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  52. At-Tur (The Mount), 49 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  53. An-Najm (The Star), 62 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  54. Al-Qamar (The Moon), 55 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  55. Ar-Rahman (The Most Gracious, The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving), 78 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
  56. Al-Waqia (The Inevitable, The Event), 96 ayat, 3 rukus, Makkan sura
  57. Al-Hadid (The Iron), 29 ayat, 4 rukus, Madinan sura
  58. Al-Mujadila (The Pleading, She That Disputeth, The Pleading Woman), 22 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
  59. Al-Hashr (The Mustering, The Gathering,Exile, Banishment), 24 ayat, 3 rukus, Madinan sura
  60. Al-Mumtahina (The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined, Examining Her), 13 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  61. As-Saff (The Ranks, Battle Array), 14 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  62. Al-Jumuah (The Congregation, Friday), 11 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  63. Al-Munafiqoon (The Hypocrites), 11 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  64. At-Taghabun (The Mutual Loss and Gain, The Mutual Disillusion, Haggling), 18 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  65. At-Talaq (Divorce), 12 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  66. At-Tahrim (The Prohibition), 12 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  67. Al-Mulk (The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control), 30 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  68. Al-Qalam (The Pen), 52 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  69. Al-Haaqqa (The Sure Reality), 52 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  70. Al-Maarij (The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways), 44 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  71. Nooh (Noah), 28 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  72. Al-Jinn (The Spirits, The Jinn ,The Demons), 28 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  73. Al-Muzzammil (The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up), 20 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  74. Al-Muddaththir (The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak), 56 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  75. Al-Qiyama (The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead), 40 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  76. Al-Insan (Man, Human), 31 ayat, 2 rukus, Madinan sura
  77. Al-Mursalat (Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth), 50 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  78. An-Naba (The Great News, Tidings, The Announcement), 40 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  79. An-Naziat (Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers), 46 ayat, 2 rukus, Makkan sura
  80. Abasa (He Frowned), 42 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  81. At-Takwir (The Folding Up, The Overthrowing), 29 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  82. Al-Infitar (The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  83. Al-Mutaffifin (The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Cheating), 36 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  84. Al-Inshiqaq (The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open), 25 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  85. Al-Burooj (The Mansions Of The Stars, Constellations), 22 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  86. At-Tariq (The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer), 17 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  87. Al-'Ala (The Most High, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  88. Al-Ghashiya (The Overwhelming Event, The Pall), 26 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  89. Al-Fajr (The Break of Day, The Dawn), 30 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  90. Al-Balad (The City, This Countryside), 20 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  91. Ash-Shams (The Sun), 15 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  92. Al-Lail (The Night), 21 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  93. Ad-Dhuha (The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  94. Ash-Sharh (The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  95. At-Tin (The Fig, The Fig tree), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  96. Al-Alaq (The Clinging Clot, The Clot, Recite), 19 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  97. Al-Qadr (The Night of Power or Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate), 5 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  98. Al-Bayyina (The Clear Proof, Evidence), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Madinan sura
  99. Az-Zalzala (The Earthquake), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Madinan sura
  100. Al-Adiyat (The Courser, The Chargers), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  101. Al-Qaria (The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Disaster), 11 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  102. At-Takathur (The Piling Up, Rivalry In World Increase, Competition), 8 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  103. Al-Asr (The Time, The Declining Day, Eventide, The Epoch), 3 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  104. Al-Humaza (The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger), 9 ayat, 1 rukus, Makkan sura
  105. Al-Fil (The Elephant), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  106. Quraysh (Quraish), 4 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  107. Al-Ma'un (The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Have You Seen), 7 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  108. Al-Kawthar (Abundance, Plenty), 3 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  109. Al-Kafirun (Those Who Reject Faith, The Disbelievers, The Kafirs), 6 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  110. An-Nasr (The Help, Succour, Divine Support, Victory), 3 ayat, 1 ruku, Madinan sura
  111. Al-Masadd (The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  112. Al-Ikhlas (Purity of Faith, The Fidelity), 4 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  113. Al-Falaq (The Daybreak, Dawn), 5 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura
  114. Al-Nas (Mankind), 6 ayat, 1 ruku, Makkan sura

References

External links

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