The Municipality of Gen. Mariano Alvarez (Filipino: Bayan ng Heneral Mariano Alvarez) is a first class urban municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 136,613 people in an area of just 11.40 square kilometers, making it the most densely populated city/municipality in Cavite. The municipality is projected to have a population of 188,125 in 2010.
The place was formerly known as the Carmona Resettlement Project, serving as a relocation area for informal settlers who occupied several areas in Quezon City, Manila and Makati cities. The town is the brainchild of then Cavite first district assemblywoman Helena Z. Benitez, and Jose A. Roño, then majority floor leader of the Batasang Pambansa and concurrent Minister of Local Government in the late 1970's, following the popular clamor of the residents in the resettlement area to separate from the mother town. Benitez and Roño were aided by Cavite's second district assemblyman Jorge A. Nuñez, who sponsored the bill calling for the creation of the new municipality.
Gen. Mariano Alvarez in its infancy was led by Leoniso G. Virata as its first municipal mayor. He was assisted by then Vice Mayor Perfecta Z. Calix, and Councilors Alfredo C. Diaz, Paterno J. Garalza, Tomas E. Abueg, Nicarte A. Swanson, Virgilio T. Ancero, Mito B. Castelo, Pablo P. Garachico, and Manuel B. Lara.
Eduardo Ulitin was the first President of the Association of Barangay Councils (ABC), who was later succeeded by Leticia I. Regidor. Ma. Antonietta Y. Oracion became the first President of the local Kabataang Barangay (now Sangguniang Kabataan) Federation. Together with the first municipal officials, they were sworn into office on the municipality's foundation day at the Carmona Relocation Center High School (now General Mariano Alvarez Technical High School, or GMATHS).
In 2006, the municipality celebrated its 25th anniversary with a line-up of activities participated in by the municipality's residents. The most prominent of which is the Mr. and Miss GMA (Gen. Mariano Alvarez is better known within the province of Cavite with its acronym), a beauty pageant annually held. Each of the 27 barangays in the town send a male and a female candidate for the pageant. Until 2005, the pageant was exclusive to the feminine side. It was made more special with the participation of the men in time for the silver anniversary of the founding of the municipality.
Gen. Mariano Alvarez also takes pride in being known as the "Mushroom Capital of Cavite" because of the mushroom culture facilities in the town. Mushrooms have become the town's main product in line with the "One Town, One Product" program of the Philippine national government. The municipal officials saw the potential of native mushrooms as the town's product because the town lacks in arable land. Today, mushrooms do not only contribute to the generation of income for the municipality, but they also become a source of livelihood for the town's residents. As a tribute to this agricultural product, GMA has recently been celebrating the Kabuteño Festival as part of its annual foundation anniversary.
Gen. Mariano Alvarez was formerly divided into 10 barangays (more appropriately, areas) that were formerly areas of the then Carmona Resettlement Project. It originally comprises the resettlement areas in Barangays San Jose, and San Gabriel, and a portion of Cabilang Baybay, a barangay in the municipality of Carmona. San Jose consists of Areas A and B, while San Gabriel is composed of Areas C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, and K.
Later, on March 25, 1985, by virtue of legislative and administrative acts, a referendum was made to redivide the municipality into the current 27 barangays. They were named after the revolutionary leaders of the province of Cavite - including those related to the great general to whom the municipality was named after - and the barangay captains and other prominent personalities who led the former 10 barangays. The first appointed officials of the barangays were sworn into office en masse on June 27, 1985.
Five of the current barangays are classified as poblacion barangays, or those that are within the municipality's central area. The 22 others are ordinary barangays.
The 27 barangays, are as follows: