Ostankino Tower (Останкинская телебашня) is a free-standing television and radio tower in Moscow, Russia. Standing 540 metres (1772 ft) tall, Ostankino was designed by Nikolai Nikitin. It is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers.
Construction began in 1963 and was completed in 1967. It held the record for the tallest free-standing structure in the world for eight years, until the CN Tower was built in Toronto, Canada in 1976. A 1994 plan to increase the tower's height to 561 meters by adding an antenna was not implemented for lack of funding. Even if this antenna had been installed, the Ostankino Tower would be surpassed by the Russia Tower, a 612-metre (2,009 ft) mixed-use skyscraper currently under construction in the Moscow International Business Centre.
|Channel One (Russia)||1||40 kW|
|TV Sport||6||100 W|
|TV Daryal||23||10 kW|
|ORT, RTR, Eurosport, Euronews||32||1,3 kW||DVB-T|
|TV Kultura||33||20 kW|
|2 X 2||60||5 kW|
|"Radio Russia", "Radio Podmoskovie", "Radiocompany Moscow"||66.44 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Unost"||68.84 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Mayak"||67.22 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Europa Plus"||69.80 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Russian Radio"||71.30 MHz||10.0 kW|
|"Orpheus"||72.14 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Radio Retro"||72.92 MHz||15.0 kW|
|"Echo of Moscow"||73.82 MHz||10.0 kW|
|"Radio Retro"||88.30 MHz||1.0 kW|
|"Radio Jazz"||89.10 MHz||1.0 kW|
|"Classic Radio"||100.90 MHz||5.0 kW|
|"Dinamit FM"||101.2 MHz||10.0 kW|
|"Radio Maximum"||103.7 MHz||10.0 kW|
|"Russian Radio"||105.70 MHz||10.0 kW|
|"Europa Plus"||106.2 MHz||10.0 kW|
The tower caught fire on 27 August 2000, killing three people. In addition, television and radio signals were disrupted around Moscow. The fire broke out about 98 meters (321 ft) above the observation platform and the Seventh Heaven restaurant, necessitating an evacuation of all visitors and staff from those locations. According to Russian news agencies, the evacuation was complete 90 minutes after the start of the fire. The loss was substantial, due to the age and poor maintenance of the electronic equipment, much of which was installed in the 1960s. The only television station not affected was the private NTV station and the chennai relay station, but the government decreed that state channels took priority, and as such, the RTR TV channel began transmitting to several Moscow districts. The failure of the fire suppression systems allowed the fire to destroy most of the tower's interior and triggered fears the tower might even collapse. However, subsequent inspections determined that although the tower's structure sustained heavy damage, the tower was not in danger of collapse. Immediately, efforts began to rebuild the tower, which would prove to be a long and expensive task.
The fire was the third disaster in Russia in a month, following an explosion in a Moscow underground passage that killed 12 people and the sinking of nuclear-powered submarine Kursk in the Barents Sea in which 118 died. Russian President Vladimir Putin, stated that "This latest accident shows the shape of our vital installations and the overall state of our country. We should not fail to see major problems in the country behind this accident, and we should not forget the economy. Whether or not such accidents happen again in the future will depend on how we work in this vital direction.
On 1 July 2004, Austrian BASE jumper Christina Grubelnik struck the tower during her descent, receiving a concussion and losing consciousness. Her parachute snagged on a lower-level service platform and she was eventually rescued by Russian emergency services.
On 25 May 2007, the tower again caught fire, though it was not as serious as the 2000 fire and was isolated to a platform on the outside of the tower. All people inside the tower were evacuated and the fire was successfully extinguished, with no casualties.