tour

Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de

orig. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne

Turenne, detail of a portrait by Charles Le Brun; in the Musée National de Versailles et des elipsis

(born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, France—died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden-Baden) French military leader. He earned his reputation as a military leader in the Thirty Years' War, especially with the capture of Turin (1640). Made a marshal of France (1643), he commanded the French army in Germany and joined the Swedish army in conquering Bavaria (1648). In France he joined the aristocrats in the Fronde (1649), but later he skillfully commanded the royal army to defeat the forces led by the prince de Condé, who had allied himself with Spain, and to bring about the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659), which ended France's war with Spain. Appointed marshal-general (1660), Turenne marched alongside Louis XIV in joint command of the French armies in the War of Devolution (1667–68). His bold strategies won numerous victories against the imperial army in Germany (1672–75), but he was killed in action at Sasbach. He was buried with the kings of France at Saint-Denis and later moved to the Invalides by Napoleon, who esteemed Turenne as the greatest military leader in history.

Learn more about Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de with a free trial on Britannica.com.

“St. Joseph the Carpenter,” oil on canvas by Georges de La Tour, c. 1645; in the elipsis

(born , March 19, 1593, Vic-sur-Seille, Lorraine, Fr.—died Jan. 30, 1652, Lunéville) French painter. He was well known in his lifetime, especially for his depictions of candlelit subjects, then was forgotten until the 20th century, when the identification of works previously misattributed established his reputation as a giant of French painting. His early works were painted in a realistic manner and influenced by the dramatic chiaroscuro of Caravaggio. The paintings of La Tour's maturity are marked by a startling geometric simplification of the human form and by the depiction of interior scenes lit only by the glare of candles or torches. His religious paintings done in this manner have a monumental simplicity and a stillness that expresses both contemplative quiet and wonder. Little is known of his life, and only four or five of his paintings are dated. The chronology and authenticity of some works attributed to him are still debated.

Learn more about La Tour, Georges de with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne

Turenne, detail of a portrait by Charles Le Brun; in the Musée National de Versailles et des elipsis

(born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, France—died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden-Baden) French military leader. He earned his reputation as a military leader in the Thirty Years' War, especially with the capture of Turin (1640). Made a marshal of France (1643), he commanded the French army in Germany and joined the Swedish army in conquering Bavaria (1648). In France he joined the aristocrats in the Fronde (1649), but later he skillfully commanded the royal army to defeat the forces led by the prince de Condé, who had allied himself with Spain, and to bring about the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659), which ended France's war with Spain. Appointed marshal-general (1660), Turenne marched alongside Louis XIV in joint command of the French armies in the War of Devolution (1667–68). His bold strategies won numerous victories against the imperial army in Germany (1672–75), but he was killed in action at Sasbach. He was buried with the kings of France at Saint-Denis and later moved to the Invalides by Napoleon, who esteemed Turenne as the greatest military leader in history.

Learn more about Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de with a free trial on Britannica.com.

“St. Joseph the Carpenter,” oil on canvas by Georges de La Tour, c. 1645; in the elipsis

(born , March 19, 1593, Vic-sur-Seille, Lorraine, Fr.—died Jan. 30, 1652, Lunéville) French painter. He was well known in his lifetime, especially for his depictions of candlelit subjects, then was forgotten until the 20th century, when the identification of works previously misattributed established his reputation as a giant of French painting. His early works were painted in a realistic manner and influenced by the dramatic chiaroscuro of Caravaggio. The paintings of La Tour's maturity are marked by a startling geometric simplification of the human form and by the depiction of interior scenes lit only by the glare of candles or torches. His religious paintings done in this manner have a monumental simplicity and a stillness that expresses both contemplative quiet and wonder. Little is known of his life, and only four or five of his paintings are dated. The chronology and authenticity of some works attributed to him are still debated.

Learn more about La Tour, Georges de with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Returning from a 12-year long hiatus from the road, Roger Waters' In The Flesh concert tours were a showcase of his best known work from his days with Pink Floyd to his most recently released solo album, 1992's Amused to Death. The In the Flesh tour was a massive, worldwide undertaking by Waters that spanned three individual tours over the course of three years (1999, 2000, and 2002). The title is an allusion to the 1977 Pink Floyd tour for the Animals album, as well as the two songs so titled on the album The Wall.

The June 27, 2000 performance at the Rose Garden Arena in Portland, Oregon was later released as the CD and DVD In the Flesh Live.

The 1999 North Eastern American/Canada tour

The summers of 1999, 2000, and 2002 found Roger Waters playing his best works at the In The Flesh tour. The show consisted of his most famous tracks from the beginning of his Pink Floyd career. The demand for concert tickets were so great that the tour spanned over three years of touring. Along with the popular acclaim, the show received critical praise from various artists and magazines.

The band

Set list

All songs written by Roger Waters except as noted.

Set 1

  1. "In The Flesh"
  2. "The Thin Ice"
  3. "Another Brick in the Wall, Pt 1"
  4. "Mother"
  5. "Get Your Filthy Hands Off My Desert"
  6. "Southampton Dock"
  7. "Pigs On The Wing, Pt 1"
  8. "Dogs" (Gilmour/Waters)
  9. "Welcome to the Machine"
  10. "Wish You Were Here" (Gilmour/Waters)
  11. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond I - VII" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)

Set 2

  1. "Breathe" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)
  2. "Time" (Mason/Waters/Waters/Gilmour)
  3. "Money"
  4. "The Great Gig in the Sky" * (piano intro only) (Wright)
  5. "5.06 A.M. (Every Strangers' Eyes)"
  6. "The Powers That Be"
  7. "What God Wants, Pt 1"
  8. "Perfect Sense, Pt 1"
  9. "Perfect Sense, Pt 2"
  10. "It's A Miracle"
  11. "Amused To Death"
  12. "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" †
  13. "Another Brick in the Wall, Pt 2" †

Encore

  1. "Brain Damage"
  2. "Eclipse"
  3. "Comfortably Numb" (Gilmour/Waters)

† At Montreal (7/31/99), set list was revised so "Happiest Days" and "Another Brick, Pt 2" was moved from the end of set 2 to the beginning of set 1 after "Another Brick, Pt 1" (which remained for the rest of this and all through the '00 and '02 shows).

* "The Great Gig in the Sky" intro was dropped from the setlist prior to August 15, 1999

1999 tour dates

  • 23/07/1999 - Milwaukee Auditorium Milwaukee, WI, USA
  • 24/07/1999 - Rosemont Theate Chicago, IL, USA
  • 25/07/1999 - Pine Knob Clarkston, MI, USA
  • 27/07/1999 - Gund Arena Cleveland, OH, USA
  • 30/07/1999 - L'Agora Quebec City, Canada
  • 31/07/1999 - Molson Theatre Montreal, Canada
  • 01/08/1999 - Molson Amphitheatre Toronto, Canada
  • 04/08/1999 - Tweeter Center Mansfield MA, USA
  • 06/08/1999 - PNC Arts Center Holmdel NJ, USA
  • 07/08/1999 - Jones Beach Long Island, NY, USA
  • 08/08/1999 - Oakdale Theater Wallingford, Conn, USA
  • 10/08/1999 - Pepsi Arena Albany, NY, USA
  • 11/08/1999 - E Center Camden, NJ, USA
  • 13/08/1999 - Montage Mountain Scranton, PA, USA
  • 14/08/1999 - Darien Lake Darien, NY, USA
  • 15/08/1999 - Schottenstein Arena Columbus, OH, USA
  • 17/08/1999 - Star Pavilion Hershey, PA, USA
  • 18/08/1999 - Star Lake Amph. Burgettstown, PA, USA
  • 20/08/1999 - Baltimore Arena Baltimore, MD, USA
  • 22/08/1999 - Lakewood Amph. Atlanta, GA, USA
  • 24/08/1999 - Deer Creek Noblesville, IN, USA
  • 25/08/1999 - Van Andel Arena Grand Rapids, MI, USA
  • 27/08/1999 - Riverport St. Louis, MO, USA
  • 28/08/1999 - Kemper Arena Kansas City, MO, USA (New song 'Each Small Candle' played for 1st time)

2000 tour information

Following the startling success of the 1999 tour, Waters mounted an even more extensive tour, touching areas of the country ignored on previous tours. The set list was also altered with "The Powers That Be" and "What God Wants" being removed in favor of "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun", "Bravery of Being Out of Range" and new song titled "Each Small Candle". The backing band was relatively the same as the previous tour, with an addition of a backup singer and a new saxophone player for the songs "Set the Controls For the Heart of the Sun" and "Money".

The band

  • Roger Waters - guitar, bass guitar, vocals
  • Andy Fairweather-Low - guitar, bass guitar, vocals
  • Snowy White - guitar, vocals
  • Doyle Bramhall II - vocals, guitar
  • Graham Broad - drums
  • Jon Carin - keyboards, vocals, guitar
  • Andy Wallace - keyboards
  • PP Arnold - backing vocals
  • Katie Kissoon - backing vocals
  • Susannah Melvoin - backing vocals
  • Mel Collins - saxophone for the last 6 dates*
  • Norbert Stachel - saxophone for the June 27th Rose Garden, Portland show (as documented on the In the Flesh: Live DVD)

Set list

All songs written by Roger Waters except as noted.

Set 1

  1. "In The Flesh"
  2. "The Happiest Days of Our Lives"
  3. "Another Brick in the Wall, Pt 2"
  4. "Mother"
  5. "Get Your Filthy Hand Off My Desert"
  6. "Southampton Dock"
  7. "Pigs On The Wing, Pt 1"
  8. "Dogs" (Gilmour/Waters)
  9. "Welcome To The Machine"
  10. "Wish You Were Here" (Gilmour/Waters)
  11. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond I - VII" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)

Set 2

  1. "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun"
  2. "Breathe" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)
  3. "Time" (Gilmour/Mason/Waters/Wright)
  4. "Money"
  5. "5:06 AM (Every Strangers Eyes)"
  6. "What God Wants, Pt 1" †
  7. "Perfect Sense, Pt 1"
  8. "Perfect Sense, Pt 2"
  9. "The Bravery Of Being Out of Range"
  10. "It's A Miracle"
  11. "Amused To Death"
  12. "Brain Damage"
  13. "Eclipse"

Encore

  1. "Comfortably Numb" (Gilmour/Waters)
  2. "Each Small Candle" (revamped since '99, this was a staple throughout the '00 tour) (Waters/Rasmussen)

† The song was dropped after the first concert in Tampa, FL.

2000 tour dates

  • 02/06/2000 - Ice Palace Tampa, FL, USA
  • 03/06/2000 - Mars Music Amp West Palm Beach, FL, USA
  • 06/06/2000 - AmSouth Amp Nashville, TN, USA
  • 07/06/2000 - Blockbuster Pavilion Charlotte, NC, USA
  • 10/06/2000 - Woodlands Houston, TX, USA
  • 11/06/2000 - Starplex Dallas, TX, USA
  • 13/06/2000 - Alamodome San Antonio, TX, USA
  • 16/06/2000 - America West Phoenix, AZ, USA
  • 17/06/2000 - MGM Grand Las Vegas, NV, USA
  • 19/06/2000 - Coors Arena San Diego, CA, USA
  • 21/06/2000 - Universal Amp Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 22/06/2000 - Universal Amp Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 24/06/2000 - Irvine Meadows Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 25/06/2000 - Shoreline Amp San Francisco, CA, USA
  • 27/06/2000 - Rose Garden Portland, OR, USA *
  • 30/06/2000 - The Gorge Seattle, WA, USA
  • 01/07/2000 - Idaho Center Boise, ID, USA
  • 03/07/2000 - Fiddler's Green Amp Englewood, CO, USA
  • 06/07/2000 - Target Center Minneapolis, MN, USA
  • 08/07/2000 - The World Chicago, IL, USA
  • 09/07/2000 - Riverbend Music Center Cincinnati, OH, USA
  • 11/07/2000 - Madison Square Garden New York, NY, USA
  • 13/07/2000 - Madison Square Garden New York, NY, USA
  • 15/07/2000 - Nissan Pavilion Bristow, VA, USA
  • 16/07/2000 - Providence Civic Center Providence, RI, USA

Notes

  • The Rose Garden show in Portland was both filmed and recorded and subsequently released as a DVD and double CD titled In the Flesh: Live.

2002 tour information

The success of Waters' two American tours encouraged him to make his 2002 tour a world tour. The set list for 2002 was similar to the previous tour with the addition of another new song, "Flickering Flame", which was substituted periodically for "Each Small Candle" as the encore. The band also changed with the departure of Doyle Bramhall II, his wife and back up singer Sussanah Melvoin and Jon Carin. Brought in was Chester Kamen (brother of Michael Kamen, replacing Bramhall), Linda Lewis as back up singer (who later was replaced by Carol Kenyon due to personal issues), and most interestingly Harry Waters (son of frontman Roger Waters) to replace Carin. By far the most historical moment of this or any of Waters In the Flesh tours came at London's Wembley Arena as former Pink Floyd bandmate and drummer Nick Mason sat in and played both nights on Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun.

The band

  • Roger Waters - guitar, bass guitar, vocals
  • Andy Fairweather Low - guitar, bassguitar, vocals
  • Snowy White - guitar, vocals
  • Chester Kamen - vocals, guitar
  • Graham Broad - drums
  • Harry Waters - keyboards, guitar
  • Andy Wallace - keyboards
  • P.P. Arnold - backing vocals
  • Katie Kissoon - backing vocals
  • Linda Lewis - (first leg) backing vocals
  • Carol Kenyon - (second leg) backing vocals
  • Norbert Stachel - saxophone, penny whistle

Set list

All songs written by Roger Waters except as noted.

Set 1

  1. "In The Flesh"
  2. "The Happiest Days of Our Lives"
  3. "Another Brick in the Wall, Pt 2"
  4. "Mother"
  5. "Get Your Filthy Hand Off My Desert"
  6. "Southampton Dock"
  7. "Pigs On The Wing, Pt 1"
  8. "Dogs" (Gilmour/Waters)
  9. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond I ~ V" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)
  10. "Welcome To The Machine"
  11. "Wish You Were Here" (Gilmour/Waters)
  12. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond VI ~ VII" † (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)

Set 2

  1. "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun" *
  2. "Breathe" (Gilmour/Waters/Wright)
  3. "Time" (Gilmour/Mason/Waters/Wright)
  4. "Money"
  5. "5:06 AM (Every Strangers Eyes)"
  6. "Perfect Sense, Pt 1"
  7. "Perfect Sense, Pt 2"
  8. "The Bravery Of Being Out of Range"
  9. "It's A Miracle"
  10. "Amused To Death"
  11. "Brain Damage"
  12. "Eclipse"

Encore

  1. "Comfortably Numb" (Gilmour/Waters)
  2. "Each Small Candle" (Waters/Rasmussen) or "Flickering Flame"

† At Warsaw concert (7/06/2002) the full "Shine On You Crazy Diamond VI ~ IX" was played instead.

* "Set The Controls..." was moved midtour, so it played after Dogs.

2002 tour dates (first leg)

  • 27/02/2002 - Bellville Velodrome Cape Town, South Africa
  • 01/03/2002 - MTN Sun Dome Johannesburg, South Africa**
  • 05/03/2002 - Estadio Nacional Santiago, Chile**
  • 07/03/2002 - Velez Sarsfield Stadium Buenos Aires, Argentina**
  • 09/03/2002 - Sambódromo Carnival Rio de Janeiro, Brazil**
  • 12/03/2002 - Olímpico Stadium Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 14/03/2002 - Pacaembu Stadium São Paulo, Brazil
  • 15/03/2002 - Pacaembu Stadium São Paulo, Brazil**
  • 17/03/2002 - Festival Site, Caracas POP Festival, Caracas, Venezuela
  • 19/03/2002 - Foro Sol Mexico City, Mexico
  • 25/03/2002 - Koseinenkin Hall Osaka, Japan
  • 26/03/2002 - Koseinenkin Hall Osaka, Japan
  • 28/03/2002 - International Forum Tokyo, Japan
  • 30/03/2002 - International Forum Tokyo, Japan
  • 31/03/2002 - International Forum Tokyo, Japan**
  • 02/04/2002 - Jamsil Olynpic Stadium Seoul, South Korea
  • 05/04/2002 - Entertainment Centre Sydney, Australia
  • 06/04/2002 - Entertainment Centre Sydney, Australia
  • 08/04/2002 - 8th Rod Laver Arena Melbourne, Australia
  • 10/04/2002 - 10th Impact Arena Bangkok, Thailand
  • 13/04/2002 - Palace Grounds Bangalore, India
  • 15/04/2002 - Golf & Yacht club Dubai, UAE
  • 17/04/2002 - B.I.E.L. Beirut, Lebanon

2002 tour dates (second leg)

  • 04/05/2002 - Atlantic Pavilion Lisbon, Portugal
  • 05/05/2002 - Atlantic Pavilion Lisbon, Portugal**
  • 08/05/2002 - Palau St. Jordi Barcelona, Spain
  • 10/05/2002 - Forum Milan, Italy
  • 11/05/2002 - Hallenstadion Zurich, Switzerland
  • 13/05/2002 - Sports Paleis Antwerp, Belgium
  • 15/05/2002 - Ahoy Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • 17/05/2002 - Messe Halle Erfurt, Germany
  • 18/05/2002 - Kolnarena Koln, Germany
  • 20/05/2002 - Arena Oberhausen, Germany
  • 22/05/2002 - Preussag Arena Hannover, Germany
  • 24/05/2002 - Oslo Spektrum Oslo, Norway
  • 25/05/2002 - Globe Arena Stockholm, Sweden
  • 27/05/2002 - New Arena/Hermitage St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 29/05/2002 - Olimpiski Arena Moscow, Russia
  • 31/05/2002 - Hartwall Arena Helsinki, Finland
  • 02/06/2002 - Forum Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 04/06/2002 - Olympia Halle Munich, Germany
  • 05/06/2002 - Festhalle Frankfurt, Germany
  • 07/06/2002 - Gwardia Stadium Warsaw, Poland
  • 09/06/2002 - Velodrome Berlin, Germany
  • 10/06/2002 - Paegas Arena Prague, Czech Rep
  • 12/06/2002 - Curva Olympico Rome, Italy
  • 14/06/2002 - Wiesen Festival Wien, Austria
  • 15/06/2002 - Kisstadion Budapest, Hungary
  • 17/06/2002 - Schleyerhalle Stuttgart, Germany
  • 19/06/2002 - De Bercy Paris, France
  • 21/06/2002 - NEC Birmingham, UK
  • 22/06/2002 - MEN Arena Manchester UK
  • 24/06/2002 - The Point Dublin, Ireland
  • 26/06/2002 - Wembley Arena London, UK*
  • 27/06/2002 - Wembley Arena London, UK*
  • 30/06/2002 - Pilton Farm Glastonbury, UK
  • * Nick Mason's guest-drumming appearances during Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun.
  • ** Indicates when "Each Small Candle" was substituted for "Flickering Flame" during the encore

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