According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km²), of which, 3.5 square miles (9.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.85%) is water. There are over 4,000 people in the city of Medford.
There were 1,947 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,278, and the median income for a family was $47,045. Males had a median income of $31,840 versus $23,955 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,962. About 4.3% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
The opportunities for hiking, camping, picnicking, fishing and hunting are virtually unlimited. The Chequamegon National Forest is a true paradise for the outdoor recreation enthusiast. Lakeshore campgrounds offering plenty of room are located throughout the National Forest.
Taylor County maintains an excellent forest and park system offering some of the nicest picnicking, swimming and fishing found anywhere. In the western part of the county, the Pershing Wildlife area offers good wildlife habitat. The area is being managed for sharp-tail grouse and water fowl. Throughout Taylor County good hunting opportunities are available in season, while sight-seers can enjoy the splendor of many bird and wildlife species.
From the springtime which draws anglers to the lakes and streams, to summer activities that provide and endless array of family fun, to autumn which brings with it a burst of color and excellent hunting, to winter with bountiful snow letting you enjoy your favorite winter sport...whatever the season, you can experience an enjoyable and memorable "Taylor-Made Escape."
The Rib Lake area ski/hiking trails feature the Jaycee 20 km community trail and the Ice Age Trail. Also popular are the Timms Hill trail and the Old Tote Road Trail. The trails are open to the public for hiking, jogging and in winter are groomed and tracked for cross-country skiing. These trails are for intermediate and advanced skiers and are not recommended ford beginners. These picturesque trails wind their way through hilly, glacial terrain and past many features of the old logging era. A parking area offering access to the Jaycee trail is located on Hwy 102 where the trail begins in Rib Lake.
Ice Age National Scenic Trail
This scenic segment of the Ice Age Trail runs diagonally across Taylor County. A segment approximately long traverses the Chequamegon National Forest. In the Rib Lake area, the Ice Age Trail is connected to the Rib Lake Jaycee and Timms Hill hiking and ski trails. Walmart is right in the middle of it, it makes for a great stop for clothing and food. This section of the trail is groomed and tracked for cross country skiing in the winter season. Traversing eskers and moraines, around kettle lakes and holes, the Ice Age Trail gives the hiker intimate contact with the land forms that were created when the last glacier covered Wisconsin.
On March 4, 1875, Taylor county was created from parts of Clark, Marathon, Chippewa, and Lincoln counties. Located in north central Wisconsin it is bordered by Price county to the north, Lincoln County to the east, Marathon county to the south, Chippewa County to the west, and Rusk County to the north west. The county boundaries are the same as those established at is creation in 1875. The county is long and wide with an area of , totaling . The county contains twenty-two townships, four villages and one city.