is a given name
that comes from the מִיכָאֵל / מיכאל
(mee-KHA-el), meaning "Who is like God?" In English
, it is sometimes shortened to Mike, Mikey, or, especially in Ireland
Michael is one of the 7 Archangels and protector of Yahweh.
Female forms of Michael include Michelle, Michaela, Mechelle, Micheline, and Michaelle, although there are women with the name Michael, such as Michael Learned and Princess Michael of Kent. Another form is Mychal, which can either be a male or female name. Surnames that come from Michael include Carmichael, Dimichele, MacMichael, McMichael, Micallef, Michaelson, Mikhaylov and Mitchell.
The name first appears in the Bible
, where Sethur the son of Michael is one of twelve spies sent into the Land of Canaan
. The Archangel Michael
, referred to later in the Bible (Daniel
), is considered a saint
by the Roman Catholic Church
and Eastern Orthodox Church
. 29 September
is the feast day
of the three archangels, Michael, Gabriel
Michael is a popular name in the United States
, and has been the first or second most popular name given to male babies in the U.S. for each year since 1954. It is in the top 50 most popular boys' names in England and Wales
. The name has been popular in Orthodox Christian
countries, and was borne by several rulers of the Byzantine
and Russian Empires
. In recent years, Michael has been the most popular name in the Philippines
, the second most popular name in Finland
(Mikael) and ranks among the top ten names in Denmark
(Mikkel) and Ireland
. It is the 23rd most popular name in Canada
, and the 37th most popular in Mexico (Miguel).
Short form and other versions
"Mike", "Mick", "Mikiel", "Mikey", "Mikael", "Mic", "Mischka" (common in Russia) and "Mickey" are short forms of, or nick-names for, Michael as a given name. "Mick" is commonly associated with Irish people.
Meik and Maik are German short forms of Michael. The German pronunciation of both variants is identical to the English pronunciation of "Mike", since both are directly derived from their English counterparts. Similarly, the Welsh versions "Meical" and "Meic" are pronounced in the same way as their corresponding English analogues. Michiel (mee-KHEEL) is Dutch and the Dutch given name "Chiel" is a variation of Michiel. Mikael, Mikell, Mikkel are Scandinavian. In Swedish, "Micke" is a nick-name for "Mikael" (also spelt "Michael").
In Greek "Μιχάλης" ("Michalis" or "Mihalis") is an everyday common form of the "Μιχαήλ" ("Michail" or "Mihail"). The Russian, "Миша" ("Mischa" or "Misha") are shortened forms of "Михаил" (Mikhail). "Мишка" (Mishka) is a common diminutive form, "Миха" (Mikha) is an informal shortened form, and "Михайлович" (Mikhaylovich) is a patronymic form that can be shortened to more informal "Михалыч" (Mikhalych). Michal is Czech. Michał is Polish; Miko is Slavic. Mëhill or Mhill is the Albanian for Michael. The first belongs to the southern (Tosk) dialect, the second to the northern (Gheg) dialect. In Hebrew, "מיכה" (Mikha) is a common shortened form of "מיכאל" (Michael, pronounced Mikha'el).
Miguel is a Spanish and Portuguese form; Michel is French and popular in the Netherlands.
Variations by language
There are various forms of the name:
- ميخائيل / ميكال
- Միքայել (Mikayel)
- Михаил (Mihail)
- Czech: Michal
- Gaelic: Michiel
- Septuagint Μιχαήλ (Mikhaēl)
- 'מיכאל''' (Mikha'el)
- Latin: Michael
- Михаил (Mihail)
- Михаил (Mikha'il)
- Михајло (Mihajlo)
- Swedish: Mikael
Rulers named "Michael"
King of Poland
King & Princes of Portugal
Rulers of Romania
Tsar of Bulgaria
British Royal Family
Archduke of SUNY Binghamton
- Michael the Postman Monteverde (2007-?)