Tillamook

Tillamook

Tillamook, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Salishan branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). In the early 19th cent. they lived on Tillamook Bay and in neighboring river valleys in NW Oregon. They then numbered some 2,200 and were the most powerful tribe on the Oregon coast. By 1849, however, they had been reduced to some 200. Although descendants of the Tillamook still live in Oregon, they are no longer organized as a tribe.
The city of Tillamook is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean. It is named for the Native American Tillamook people, a tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early nineteenth century. The population was 4,352 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 4,675 residents.

Economy

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms. The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products. Millions of people visit the cheese factory (located north of Tillamook on Highway 101) each year.

There is also a large lumber industry that is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the famous Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century.

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes.

The Tillamook Air Museum, featuring over 30 combat aircraft, lies just south of the city. Its building—a notable landmark visible from Highway 101—was a hangar built for blimps during World War II, as part of the Naval Air Station Tillamook.

Geography

Tillamook is located at (45.455230, -123.842384).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,352 people, 1,758 households, and 1,105 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,818.8 people per square mile (1,091.1/km²). There were 1,898 housing units at an average density of 1,229.3/sq mi (475.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.56% White, 0.16% African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.42% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.12% of the population.

There were 1,758 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,875, and the median income for a family was $36,351. Males had a median income of $28,458 versus $20,801 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,160. About 11.8% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Notable residents

References

External links

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