Thurman Wesley Arnold
– November 7
) was an iconoclastic Washington, D.C. lawyer. He was best known for his trust-busting
campaign as Assistant Attorney General
in charge of the Antitrust
Division in Franklin Delano Roosevelt
's Department of Justice
from 1938 to 1943. Before coming to Washington in 1938, Arnold was the mayor of Laramie, Wyoming
, and then a professor at Yale Law School
, where he took part in the legal realism
movement, and published two books: The Symbols of Government
(1935) and The Folklore of Capitalism
(1937). A few years later, he published The Bottlenecks of Business
Thurman was born in the frontier ranch town of Laramie, Wyoming
, which grew to be a small city and location of the University of Wyoming
. He began his university studies at Wabash College
, but transferred to and graduated from Princeton
. He earned his law degree from Harvard Law School
in 1914. He served in World War I
, and worked briefly in Chicago before returning to Laramie, where he was mayor from 1923-1924. He develeoped a reputation as a maverick lawyer.
As chief competition lawyer for the United States government, Arnold launched numerous studies to support the antitrust efforts in the late 1930s. He targeted the American Medical Association in their anti-competitive efforts against health plans. The Roosevelt administration later de-emphasized antitrust enforcements, for the stated purpose of allowing corporations to concentrate on contributing to victory in World War II.
In 1943, Arnold was appointed as a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, succeeding Wiley B. Rutledge, who had been promoted to the U.S. Supreme Court. He was "kicked upstairs" by FDR to the Court of Appeals in order to get him out of the Antiturst division. Although it had some responsibility for review of decisions by federal administrative agencies, during Arnold's tenure the court's primary role was reviewing decisions of local trial courts involving routine civil and criminal matters arising in Washington, D.C.. Arnold was never happy during his two years on the court, resigning after only two years on the bench. As an explanation of his decision, he told observers he "would rather be speaking to damn fools than listening to damn fools." He returned to private practice where, along with Paul A. Porter and Abe Fortas, he co-founded the law firm known today as Arnold & Porter.
Thurman married his lifelong partner Frances Longan Arnold on September 4, 1917. They had two children, Thurman Jr. and George, both of whom enjoyed successful careers in the law. George married and raised a family with Elen Pearson, daughter of columnist Drew Pearson and granddaughter of Cissy Patterson, owner of the Washington Times-Herald.
- Gressley, Gene M. (1964). "Thurman Arnold, Antitrust, and the New Deal". The Business History Review 38 (2): 214–231.
- Miscamble, Wilson D. (1982). "Thurman Arnold Goes to Washington: A Look at Antitrust Policy in the Later New Deal". The Business History Review 56 (1): 1–15.
- Waller, Spencer Weber (2005). Thurman Arnold: A Biography. New York: New York University Press.
- Arnold, Thurman. The Bottlenecks of Business. ISBN 1-58798-085-1
- Arnold, Thurman. The Folklore of Capitalism. ISBN 1-58798-025-8
- Arnold, Thurman. The Symbols of Government.
- Arnold, Thurman. Voltaire and the Cowboy: The Letters of Thurman Arnold . ISBN 0-87081-073-1