The United States Department of the Treasury enforces all existing US Laws of a financial nature. These include:
The United States Department of the Treasury does not create laws and regulations. The Department enforces the laws and regulations enacted by United States Congress.
The United States Secretary of the Treasury serves primarily in an administrative capacity, and also in an advisory role to the United States President.
The Office of the Treasurer is the only office in the Treasury Department that is older than the Department itself, as it was originally created by the Continental Congress in 1775. Michael Hillegas served as the first Treasurer of the United States and throughout the American Revolution until Congress created of The Department of the Treasury on September 2, 1789:
Alexander Hamilton was sworn in as the first Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789. His portrait is on the obverse of the U.S. ten dollar bill and the Treasury Department building is shown on the reverse.
The current law, , reads as follows (in part):
(a) The Department of the Treasury is an executive department of the United States Government at the seat of the Government.
(b) The head of the Department is the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
ResponsibilitiesThe basic functions of the Department of the Treasury include:
- Managing Federal finances;
- Collecting taxes, duties and monies paid to and due to the U.S. and paying all bills of the U.S.;
- Producing all postage stamps, currency and coinage;
- Managing Government accounts and the U.S. public debt;
- Supervising national banks and thrift institutions;
- Advising on domestic and international financial, monetary, economic, trade and tax policy - fiscal policy being the sum of these, and the ultimate responsibility of Congress.
- Enforcing Federal finance and tax laws;
- Investigating and prosecuting tax evaders, counterfeiters, forgers, smugglers, illicit spirits distillers, and gun law violators.
With respect to the estimation of revenues for the executive branch, Treasury serves a purpose parallel to that of the Office of Management and Budget for the estimation of spending for the executive branch, the Joint Committee on Taxation for the estimation of revenues for Congress, and the Congressional Budget Office for the estimation of spending for Congress.
The term Treasury reform usually refers narrowly to reform of monetary policy and related economic policy and accounting reform. The broader term monetary reform usually refers to reform of policy of institutions such as the International Monetary Fund.
- United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury
- Treasurer of the United States
- Under Secretary for Domestic Finance
- Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions
- Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets
- Assistant Secretary for of Fiscal Service
- Under Secretary for International Affairs
- Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
- Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
- Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing
- Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
- Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
- Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy
- Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
- Assistant Secretary for Management/Chief Financial Officer
- Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs/Director of Policy Planning
- Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy
- Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA)
- General Counsel
- Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
- Office of Thrift Supervision
Effective January 24, 2003 the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms was no longer a Bureau of the Department of the Treasury. The law enforcement functions of ATF have been transferred to the Department of Justice. The tax and trade functions of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms remained with Treasury at the new Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.
four basic functions performed are: Formulating and recommending economic, financial, tax, and fiscal policies.
Under the Secretary's direct supervision are the departmental offices, which are responsible for management and policy formulation.
- Domestic Finance
- Economic Policy
- General Counsel
- Information and Technology Management
- International Affairs
- Public Affairs
- Tax Policy
- Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI)
- Treasurer of the United States
The Office of the General Counsel is charged with supervising all legal proceedings involving the collection of debts due the United States, establishing regulations to guide customs collectors, issuing distress warrants against delinquent revenue collectors or receivers of public money, examining Treasury officers' official bonds and related legal documents, serving as legal adviser to the department and administered lands acquired by the United States in payment for debts. This office was preceded by the offices of the Comptroller of the Treasury (1789–1817), First Comptroller of the Treasury (1817-20), Agent of the Treasury (1820-30) and Solicitor of the Treasury 1830–1934.
"Enough Wise Men, The Story of Our Constitution" by Forrest McDonaldPublished by the Dominion of Canada and by Longmans Canada Limited, Toronto 1970