Thionville (Diedenhofen, Diedennuewen, Diedenhoven), is a town and commune in the Moselle département, in the Lorraine région, France. The city is located near the Moselle River.
The population of Thionville boomed in the Industrial Revolution
, but the economic slowdown of the 1970s affected the town and the surrounding area, causing a population decrease. The population rose again in the 1990s and in suburban Hettange-Grande
in the east, although the population of the western part of the new agglomeration is decreasing around Hayange
. The agglomeration is still losing population but the decrease has been slowed down.
Due to Thionville's proximity to Luxembourg
(15 kilometers from the border), the town's population and quality of life have both increased since the end of the 1990s.
After antiquity, the region was inhabited by the Germanic Alamanni. The Synod of Thionville was held from February 2, 835. It reinstated Emperor Louis the Pious and reversed his former conviction of crimes — none of which he actually committed — and deposed the Archbishop of Rheims, Ebbo. The Synod was composed of 43 bishops. On February 28 835 in Mainz, Ebbo admitted that Louis had not committed the crimes of which he had been indicted and for which he had been deposed as Holy Roman Emperor.
Eskil, Archbishop of Lund, was imprisoned at Thionville (at the instigation of the Archbishop of Bremen?) on his return from his 1153 pilgrimage to Rome.
The Siege of Thionville in June 1639 occurred as part of the Thirty Years' War.
The writer François-René de Chateaubriand was left for dead during Condés military émigré expedition against Thionville in 1792
From 1870-1918, Thionville was part of the German Empire under its German name Diedenhofen.
Thionville is divided into two cantons (districts). It belongs to Thionville Est (East), while the seat of the district of Thionville Ouest (West) which it does not form a part of Thionville:
- Thionville Est (East): 19,063 (46.6% of the total population)
- Thionville Ouest (West): 21,844 (53.4% of the total population)
Sources and external links