Definitions

thielavia

Sordariomycetes

Sordariomycetes is a class of the subdivision, Pezizomycotina, which includes ascomycetous fungi.

Sordariomycetes generally produce their asci in perithecial fruiting bodies.

Sordariomycetes are also known as Pyrenomycetes for their nature of appearing after a fire passes through the forest.

Sordariomycetes possesses great variability in morphology, growth form and habitat. Except having perithecial (flask-shaped) fruiting bodies, ascomata can be less frequently cleistothecial (e.g., Anixiella, Apodus, Boothiella, Thielavia, Zopfiella) (Lundqvist 1972; Arx 1975), fruiting bodies may be solitary or gregarious, superficial or immersed within stromata or tissues of the substrates and can be light to bright or black. Members of this group can grow in soil, dung, leaf litter, and decaying wood as decomposers, as well as being fungal parasites, and insect, human and plant pathogens (Spatafora and Blackwell 1993; Neuveglise et al. 1994; Berbee and Taylor 1992).

References

Arx, J.A. von. 1975. On Thielavia and some similar genera of ascomycetes. Stud. Mycol. 8: 1-31.

Barr M.E. 1987. Prodromus to Class Loculoascomycetes. Newell, Amherst, Mass.

Barr M.E. 1990. Prodromus to nonlichenized, pyrenomycetous members of Class Hymenoascomycetes. Mycotaxon 39: 43-184.

Berbee, M.L., Taylor J.W. 1992. Two ascomycete classes based on fruiting-body characters and ribosomal DNA sequence. Mol. Bio. Evol. 9: 278-284.

Castlebury, L.A., Rossman, A.Y., Jaklitsch, W.J., Vasilyeva, L.N. 2002. A preliminary overview of the Diaporthales based on large subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 94: 1017-1031.

Lumbsch H.T. 2000. Phylogeny of filamentous ascomycetes. Naturwissenchaften 87: 335-342.

Luttrell E.S. 1951. Taxonomy of the Pyrenomycetes. University Missouri Stud. Sci. Ser. 24: 1-120.

Lundqvist N. 1972. Nordic Sordariaceae s. lat. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 20: 1-374.

Lutzoni F., Kauff F., Cox C.J., McLaughlin D., Celio G., Dentinger B., Padamsee M., Hibbett D., James T.Y., Baloch E., Grube M., Reeb V., Hofstetter V., Schoch C., Arnold A.E., Miadlikowska J., Spatafora J., Johnson D., Hambleton S., Crockett M., Shoemaker R., Sung G.-H., Lücking R., Lumbsch T., O'Donnell K., Binder M., Diederich P., Ertz D., Gueidan C., Hall B., Hansen K., Harris R.C., Hosaka K., Lim Y.-W., Liu Y., Matheny B., Nishida H., Pfister D., Rogers J., Rossman A., Schmitt I., Sipman H., Stone J., Sugiyama J., Yahr R. and Vilgalys R. 2004. Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. Am. J. Bot. 91: 1446-1480.

Neuveglise C., Brygoo Y., Vercambre B. and Riba G. 1994. Comparative-analysis of molecular and biological characteristics of strains of Beauveria brongniartii isolated from insects. Mycol. Res. 98: 322-328.

Spatafora J.W. 1995. Ascomal evolution of filamentous ascomycetes: evidence from molecular. Can. J. Bot. S73: 811-815.

Spatafora J.W. and Blackwell M. 1993. Molecular systematics of unitunicate perithecial ascomycetes: the Clavicipitales-Hypocreales connection. Mycologia 85: 912-922.

Zhang, N., Blackwell, M. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of dogwood anthracnose fungus (Discula destructiva) and the Diaporthales. Mycologia 93: 355-365.

Links

Tree of Life Sordariomycetes

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