Emission of light from certain heated substances as a result of previous exposure to high-energy radiation. The radiation causes displacement of electrons within the crystal lattice of the substance. Upon heating, the trapped electrons return to their normal, lower-energy positions, releasing energy in the process. The longer the substance is exposed to radiation, the greater is the energy released. By measuring the amount of light given off, the duration of exposure to radiation can be determined; thus, thermoluminescence has been used to determine the age of various minerals and archaeological artifacts.
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Some mineral substances such as fluorite store energy when exposed to ultraviolet or other ionising radiation. This energy is released in the form of light when the mineral is heated; the phenomenon is distinct from that of black body radiation.
The amount of light given off is proportional to the dose of radiation received. In thermoluminescence dating, this can be used to date buried objects that have been heated in the past (eg pottery) since the dose received from radioactive elements in the soil, cosmic rays etc is proportional to age. This phenomenon has been used for Thermoluminescent dosimeters, to measure the radiation dose received by a chip of suitable material that is carried around by a person or placed with an object.
Thermoluminescence is a common [geochronology]] tool for dating pottery or other 'fired' archeological materials, as heat empties or resets the thermoluminescent signature of the material (Figure 1). Subsequent 'recharging' of this material from ambient radiation can then be empirically dated by the simple equation:
Age = (subsequently accumulated dose of ambient radiation)/(dose accumulated per year)
This technique was modified for use as a passive sand migration analysis tool by Keizars, et al., 2008 (Figure 2). This study shows direct consequences resulting from the improper replenishment of starving beaches using fine sands. Beach nourishment is a problem worldwide and receives large amounts of attention due to the millions of dollars spent yearly in order to keep beaches beautified for tourists (e.g. Waikiki, Hawaii) Sands with sizes 90-150 μm (very fine sand) were found to migrate from the swash zone 67% faster than sand grains of 150-212 μm (fine sand; Figure 3). Furthermore, the Keizars, et al., 2008 technique was shown to provide a passive method of policing sand replenishment and a passive method of observing riverine or other sand inputs along shorelines (Figure 4).
Neotectonic Fault Activity in Hong Kong: Evidence from Seismic Events and Thermoluminescence Dating of Fault Gouge
Nov 01, 1997; Y. Z. DING' & K. W. LAI2 Abstract: Hong Kong lies within a major NE-trending fault zone that has been reactivated during several...
US Patent Issued to Saquant on March 5 for "Method and Apparatus for Remote Communication Using the Interpretation of Thermoluminescence or Photoluminescence Signals" (French Inventor)
Mar 12, 2013; ALEXANDRIA, Va., March 12 -- United States Patent no. 8,391,721, issued on March 5, was assigned to Saquant (Givarlais,...