Definitions

Thayer

Thayer

[they-er, thair]
Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921, American painter, b. Boston, studied in Paris with Gérôme and at the École des Beaux-Arts. Known as a painter of animals and of landscapes, he was also noted for his idealized figures of women, among these The Virgin (Freer Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.), Caritas (Mus. of Fine Arts, Boston), and Young Woman (Metropolitan Mus.). He also worked in portraiture. With his son Gerald Thayer, he wrote Protective Coloration of the Animal Kingdom (1909), which was used in camouflaging in World War I.

See study by N. C. White (1951).

Thayer, Eli, 1819-99, American abolitionist, b. Medon, Mass. He was a Free-Soiler in the Massachusetts legislature (1853-54), organized the New England Emigrant Aid Company for sending antislavery settlers to Kansas, and was a Republican member of the House of Representatives (1857-61). He wrote A History of the Kansas Crusade (1889).
Thayer, Sylvanus, 1785-1872, American soldier and educator, b. Braintree, Mass., grad. Dartmouth, 1807, and West Point, 1808. During the War of 1812 he served as an engineer, and afterward he was sent to Europe to study military schools and fortifications. From 1817 to 1833 he served as superintendent at West Point, which he so thoroughly reorganized, placing it on a sound basis, that he is known as the "father of the Military Academy." He endowed an academy at Braintree and established and endowed (1867) the Thayer School of Civil Engineering at Dartmouth.

Alfred Thayer Mahan, 1897

(born Sept. 27, 1840, West Point, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 1, 1914, Quogue, N.Y.) U.S. naval officer and historian. He studied at the U.S. Naval Academy, and his nearly 40 years of active naval duty included fighting in the American Civil War. He was president of the Naval War College in Newport, R.I. (1886–89). His classic analysis The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) argued that sea power was decisive in determining national supremacy. In The Influence of Sea Power upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), he stressed the interdependence of military and commercial control of the sea. Avidly read in Britain and Germany, both books greatly influenced the buildup of naval forces before World War I.

Learn more about Mahan, Alfred Thayer with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Alfred Thayer Mahan, 1897

(born Sept. 27, 1840, West Point, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 1, 1914, Quogue, N.Y.) U.S. naval officer and historian. He studied at the U.S. Naval Academy, and his nearly 40 years of active naval duty included fighting in the American Civil War. He was president of the Naval War College in Newport, R.I. (1886–89). His classic analysis The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) argued that sea power was decisive in determining national supremacy. In The Influence of Sea Power upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), he stressed the interdependence of military and commercial control of the sea. Avidly read in Britain and Germany, both books greatly influenced the buildup of naval forces before World War I.

Learn more about Mahan, Alfred Thayer with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Thayer is a village in Sangamon County, Illinois, United States. The population was 750 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Springfield, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Thayer is located at (39.539071, -89.761008).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 750 people, 276 households, and 203 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,248.4 people per square mile (482.6/km²). There were 288 housing units at an average density of 479.4/sq mi (185.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.07% White, 0.13% African American, 0.53% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 276 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $42,031, and the median income for a family was $51,750. Males had a median income of $32,750 versus $24,904 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,933. About 4.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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