Kincardine and Mearns is one of six area committees of the Aberdeenshire council area in Scotland. It has a population 38,506 (2001 Census). There are significant natural features in this district including rivers, forests, mountains and bogs (known locally as mosses).
Transport links with Aberdeen have encouraged rapid population growth, especially in the north of this region. Existing settlements such as Portlethen and Stonehaven have greatly expanded, along with industrial activity. The southern part is more self-sufficient, with the fertile Mearns area sustaining a strong agricultural economy. Small scale tourism activity occurs along its attractive coastline and former fishing villages.
Kincardine and Deeside district
Between 1975 and 1996 Kincardine and Deeside was a local government district within the Grampian region
. Its area included all of the county of Kincardineshire
apart from a small area in the northeast which was covered by the City of Aberdeen
. As the name suggested, it also included the large geographical area of the watershed
of the River Dee
from the southern section of Aberdeenshire. In 1996 this district became part of Aberdeenshire unitary authority
in the local government reorganisation.
times the northern part of the area known as Kincardine
was comprised by the Thanedom of Cowie
and the Thanedom of Durris
. The Mearns was described as an earldom
. Each of these thanages
was with the Crown as late as 1264 AD
. In the Middle Ages
the principal roadway connecting Stonehaven
was known as the Causey Mounth
; this drovers' road
was constructed in some places with large boulders in order to span certain boggy stretches.
During the Scottish Enlightenment period, Lord Monboddo operated a large agricultural estate in the Mearns, at which location he conducted considerable research in agricultural improvement; Monboddo was best known as a jurist on the Court of Session, as the father of modern historical linguistics and a pre-evolutionary thinker.
Geography and landforms
Rivers and streams in Kincardine and Mearns include the Burn of Elsick
, Burn of Pheppie
, Burn of Muchalls
, Cowie Water
, Carron Water
and Bervie Water
, all of which discharge to the North Sea
Other notable features