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ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1, as part of the ISO 3166 standard, provides codes for the names of countries and dependent territories, and is published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. It defines three sets of country codes:

ISO 3166 has included alphabetical country codes since its first edition in 1974, and numeric country codes since its second edition in 1981. The country codes were first published as ISO 3166-1 in 1997 in the fifth edition of ISO 3166, when ISO 3166 were divided into three separate parts.

ISO 3166-1 is not the only standard for country codes. Many international organizations use their own country codes, where some of them closely correspond to the ISO 3166-1 codes. For examples, see country codes.

Criteria for inclusion

Currently, 246 countries and territories are assigned official codes in ISO 3166-1. According to the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), the only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country must either be:

The list of names in the code of the UN Statistics Division is based on the bulletin Country Names and other UN sources.

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

Information included

ISO 3166-1 is published officially in both English and French. Since the second edition of ISO 3166-1, the following columns are included for each entry:

  1. COUNTRY NAME English (or French) short name
  2. English (or French) short name lower case
  3. English (or French) full name
  4. Alpha-2 code
  5. Alpha-3 code
  6. Numeric code
  7. Remarks
  8. Independent (# denotes the country is independent)
  9. Additional information (official language alpha-2 codes)
  10. Additional information (official language alpha-3 codes)
  11. Additional information (local name)

Officially assigned code elements

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding code list in alphabetical order by the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166/MA, which uses country names from United Nations sources. The table includes officially assigned codes only.

Official country names used by the ISO 3166/MA Numeric Alpha-3 Alpha-2 Local ISO codes
004 AFG AF AF
248 ALA AX AX
008 ALB AL AL
012 DZA DZ DZ
016 ASM AS AS
020 AND AD AD
024 AGO AO AO
660 AIA AI AI
010 ATA AQ AQ
028 ATG AG AG
032 ARG AR AR
051 ARM AM AM
533 ABW AW AW
036 AUS AU AU
040 AUT AT AT
031 AZE AZ AZ
044 BHS BS BS
048 BHR BH BH
050 BGD BD BD
052 BRB BB BB
112 BLR BY BY
056 BEL BE BE
084 BLZ BZ BZ
204 BEN BJ BJ
060 BMU BM BM
064 BTN BT BT
068 BOL BO BO
070 BIH BA BA
072 BWA BW BW
 Bouvet Island 074 BVT BV BV
076 BRA BR BR
086 IOT IO IO
096 BRN BN BN
100 BGR BG BG
854 BFA BF BF
108 BDI BI BI
116 KHM KH KH
120 CMR CM CM
124 CAN CA CA
132 CPV CV CV
136 CYM KY KY
140 CAF CF CF
148 TCD TD TD
152 CHL CL CL
156 CHN CN CN
162 CXR CX CX
166 CCK CC CC
170 COL CO CO
174 COM KM KM
178 COG CG CG
180 COD CD CD
184 COK CK CK
188 CRI CR CR
384 CIV CI CI
191 HRV HR HR
192 CUB CU CU
196 CYP CY CY
203 CZE CZ CZ
208 DNK DK DK
262 DJI DJ DJ
212 DMA DM DM
214 DOM DO DO
218 ECU EC EC
818 EGY EG EG
222 SLV SV SV
226 GNQ GQ GQ
232 ERI ER ER
233 EST EE EE
231 ETH ET ET
238 FLK FK FK
234 FRO FO FO
242 FJI FJ FJ
246 FIN FI FI
250 FRA FR FR
254 GUF GF GF
258 PYF PF PF
260 ATF TF TF
266 GAB GA GA
270 GMB GM GM
268 GEO GE GE
276 DEU DE DE
288 GHA GH GH
292 GIB GI GI
300 GRC GR GR
304 GRL GL GL
308 GRD GD GD
312 GLP GP GP
316 GUM GU GU
320 GTM GT GT
831 GGY GG GG
324 GIN GN GN
624 GNB GW GW
328 GUY GY GY
332 HTI HT HT
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands 334 HMD HM HM
336 VAT VA VA
340 HND HN HN
344 HKG HK HK
348 HUN HU HU
352 ISL IS IS
356 IND IN IN
360 IDN ID ID
364 IRN IR IR
368 IRQ IQ IQ
372 IRL IE IE
833 IMN IM IM
376 ISR IL IL
380 ITA IT IT
388 JAM JM JM
392 JPN JP JP
832 JEY JE JE
400 JOR JO JO
398 KAZ KZ KZ
404 KEN KE KE
296 KIR KI KI
408 PRK KP KP
410 KOR KR KR
414 KWT KW KW
417 KGZ KG KG
418 LAO LA LA
428 LVA LV LV
422 LBN LB LB
426 LSO LS LS
430 LBR LR LR
434 LBY LY LY
438 LIE LI LI
440 LTU LT LT
442 LUX LU LU
446 MAC MO MO
807 MKD MK MK
450 MDG MG MG
454 MWI MW MW
458 MYS MY MY
462 MDV MV MV
466 MLI ML ML
470 MLT MT MT
584 MHL MH MH
474 MTQ MQ MQ
478 MRT MR MR
480 MUS MU MU
175 MYT YT YT
484 MEX MX MX
583 FSM FM FM
498 MDA MD MD
492 MCO MC MC
496 MNG MN MN
499 MNE ME ME
500 MSR MS MS
504 MAR MA MA
508 MOZ MZ MZ
104 MMR MM MM
516 NAM NA NA
520 NRU NR NR
524 NPL NP NP
528 NLD NL NL
530 ANT AN AN
540 NCL NC NC
554 NZL NZ NZ
558 NIC NI NI
562 NER NE NE
566 NGA NG NG
570 NIU NU NU
574 NFK NF NF
580 MNP MP MP
578 NOR NO NO
512 OMN OM OM
586 PAK PK PK
585 PLW PW PW
275 PSE PS PS
591 PAN PA PA
598 PNG PG PG
600 PRY PY PY
604 PER PE PE
608 PHL PH PH
612 PCN PN PN
616 POL PL PL
620 PRT PT PT
630 PRI PR PR
634 QAT QA QA
638 REU RE RE
642 ROU RO RO
643 RUS RU RU
646 RWA RW RW
652 BLM BL BL
654 SHN SH SH
659 KNA KN KN
662 LCA LC LC
663 MAF MF MF
666 SPM PM PM
670 VCT VC VC
882 WSM WS WS
674 SMR SM SM
678 STP ST ST
682 SAU SA SA
686 SEN SN SN
688 SRB RS RS
690 SYC SC SC
694 SLE SL SL
702 SGP SG SG
703 SVK SK SK
705 SVN SI SI
090 SLB SB SB
706 SOM SO SO
710 ZAF ZA ZA
239 SGS GS GS
724 ESP ES ES
144 LKA LK LK
736 SDN SD SD
740 SUR SR SR
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen 744 SJM SJ SJ
748 SWZ SZ SZ
752 SWE SE SE
756 CHE CH CH
760 SYR SY SY
158 TWN TW TW
762 TJK TJ TJ
834 TZA TZ TZ
764 THA TH TH
626 TLS TL TL
768 TGO TG TG
772 TKL TK TK
776 TON TO TO
780 TTO TT TT
788 TUN TN TN
792 TUR TR TR
795 TKM TM TM
796 TCA TC TC
798 TUV TV TV
800 UGA UG UG
804 UKR UA UA
784 ARE AE AE
826 GBR GB GB
840 USA US US
 United States Minor Outlying Islands 581 UMI UM UM
858 URY UY UY
860 UZB UZ UZ
548 VUT VU VU
862 VEN VE VE
704 VNM VN VN
092 VGB VG VG
850 VIR VI VI
876 WLF WF WF
732 ESH EH EH
887 YEM YE YE
894 ZMB ZM ZM
716 ZWE ZW ZW

Reserved and user-assigned code elements

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.

Reserved code elements are codes which, while not ISO 3166-1 codes, are in use for some applications in conjunction with the ISO 3166 codes. They are reserved to add flexibility to the coding system. Usually, obsolete codes may be kept as reserved, while some overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status have reserved codes of their own. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 for their respective reserved codes (ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes).

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 and ISO 3166-1 numeric for their respective user-assigned codes.

Changes

A country or territory may get new codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. A country generally gets new alphabetical codes if its name changes, whereas a new numeric code is associated with a change of boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names are published in ISO 3166-3.

Changes to ISO 3166-1 are announced in newsletters by ISO 3166/MA. 12 newsletters were released between the first and second editions of ISO 3166-1 (published in 1997 and 2006 respectively):

  1. Newsletter V-1 – Published 1998-02-05: Change of official name (Samoa).
  2. Newsletter V-2 – Published 1999-10-01: Inclusion of new country name and code elements (Palestinian Territory, Occupied).
  3. Newsletter V-3 – Published 2002-02-01: Change of alpha-3 Code Element (Romania).
  4. Newsletter V-4 – Published 2002-05-20: Name changes (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fiji, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Macao, Niue, Somalia, and Venezuela).
  5. Newsletter V-5 – Published 2002-05-20: Change of names and alphabetical code elements of East Timor.
  6. Newsletter V-6 – Published 2002-11-15: Change of names of East Timor (to Timor-Leste).
  7. Newsletter V-7 – Published 2002-11-15: Change of official name of Comoros.
  8. Newsletter V-8 – Published 2003-07-23: Deletion of "Yugoslavia"; inclusion of "Serbia and Montenegro" with new alphabetical code elements.
  9. Newsletter V-9 – Published 2004-02-13: Inclusion of an entry for Åland Islands.
  10. Newsletter V-10 – Published 2004-04-26: Name changes (Afghanistan and Åland Islands).
  11. Newsletter V-11 – Published 2006-03-29: Inclusion of an entry for Jersey, Guernsey and Isle of Man. Change of remark for the United Kingdom.
  12. Newsletter V-12 – Published 2006-09-26: Inclusion of the new entries for "Serbia" and "Montenegro" (replacing Serbia and Montenegro).

The second edition of ISO 3166-1 comprised a consolidation of all changes from the first edition as published in the newsletters from V-1 to V-12. Two newsletters have been released since the second edition of ISO 3166-1 was published:

  1. Newsletter VI-1 – Published 2007-09-21: Assignment of code elements for Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin and update of France and other French Territories (French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Guadeloupe, and Réunion).
  2. Newsletter VI-2 – Published 2008-04-08: Name changes for Moldova, Montenegro and other minor corrections (Madagascar, Palestinian Territory, Occupied, and Saint Barthélemy).

References

  • Information on reserved codes taken from "Reserved code elements under ISO 3166-1" published by Secretariat of ISO/TC 46, ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, 2001-02-13, available on request from ISO 3166/MA.

See also

External links

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