It can be seen as an octahedron with triangular pyramids added to each face, and is also sometimes called a trisoctahedron, or, more fully, trigonal trisoctahedron. Both names reflect the fact that it has three triangular faces for every face of an octahedron. The tetragonal trisoctahedron is another name for the deltoidal icositetrahedron, a different polyhedron with three quadrilateral faces for every face of an octahedron.
This convex polyhedron is topologically similar to the concave stellated octahedron. They have the same face connectivity, but the vertices are in different relative distances from the center.