Tesla, Nikola

Tesla, Nikola

Tesla, Nikola, 1856-1943, American electrician and inventor, b. Croatia (then an Austrian province). He emigrated to the United States in 1884, worked for a short period for Edison, and became a naturalized American citizen (1891). A pioneer in the field of high-voltage electricity, he made many discoveries and inventions of great value to the development of radio transmission and to the field of electricity. These include a system of arc lighting, the Tesla induction motor and system of alternating-current transmission, the Tesla coil, generators of high-frequency currents, a transformer to increase oscillating currents to high potentials, a system of wireless communication, and a system of transmitting electric power without wires. He produced the first power system at Niagara Falls, N.Y. There is a museum dedicated to his work in Belgrade, Serbia.

See biographies by H. B. Walters (1961), J. J. O'Neill (1968, repr. 1986), I. Hunt and W. W. Draper (1986); J. J. O'Neil (1986), and B. H. Johnston (1989).

Nikola Tesla.

(born July 9/10, 1856, Smiljan, Lika, Austria-Hungary [now in Croatia]—died Jan. 7, 1943, New York, N.Y., U.S.) Serbian U.S. inventor and researcher. He studied in Austria and Bohemia and worked in Paris before coming to the U.S. in 1884. He worked for Thomas Alva Edison and George Westinghouse but preferred independent research. His inventions made possible the production and distribution of alternating-current electric power. He invented an induction coil that is still widely used in radio technology, the Tesla coil (1891); his system was used by Westinghouse to light the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. Tesla established an electric power station at Niagara Falls that delivered power to Buffalo, N.Y., by 1896. His research also included work on a carbon button lamp and on the power of electrical resonance. He discovered terrestrial stationary waves (1899–1900), proving that the Earth is a conductor. Due to lack of funds, many of his ideas remained only in his notebooks, which are still examined by enthusiasts for inventive clues.

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Tesla may refer to:

In science

  • Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943), a Serbian-American physicist, inventor, and electrical engineer
  • Tesla (unit) (symbol T), SI derived unit of magnetic flux density (or magnetic inductivity), named after Nikola Tesla
  • TESLA, a proposed Tera-electronvolt Energy Superconducting Linear Accelerator, now merged into the International Linear Collider (ILC) project
  • Tesla Fault, a seismically active geological formation in the Livermore Valley, California, USA
  • 2244 Tesla, an asteroid discovered in 1952 and named for Nikola Tesla

In commerce

  • Tesla (company), a former state-owned electro technical conglomerate in the former Czechoslovakia
  • Tesla Motors, a Silicon Valley-based manufacturer of electric vehicles

In music

  • Tesla (band), an American hard rock music band originating from Sacramento, California

In fiction

  • Tesla (Bleach), a minor character in the anime and manga series Bleach

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