terrapin

terrapin

[ter-uh-pin]
terrapin, name for several edible turtles of fresh or brackish water.

Red-eared turtle (Pseudemys scripta elegans).

Any omnivorous aquatic turtle of the family Emydidae, especially the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). The diamondback inhabits salt marshes and coasts from New England to the Gulf of Mexico. It has raised diamond-shaped patterns on its brownish or black upper shell. The female attains a shell length of about 9 in. (23 cm); the male grows to about 6 in. (14 cm). The eight species of the turtle genus Pseudemys (or Chrysemys) are sometimes referred to as terrapins. They inhabit freshwaters from the northeastern U.S. to Argentina. The female's shell is 6–16 in. (15–40 cm) long. Infant red-eared turtles (P. scripta elegans) are sold in pet shops.

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A terrapin is a turtle that lives in fresh or brackish water.

Taxonomy

Although sometimes superficially similar to sea turtles in shape, having webbed feet and thinner shells than fully terrestrial tortoises, terrapins do not belong to the sea turtle superfamily Chelonioidea. In British English, the species most commonly referred to as terrapins are members of the family Emydidae including the red-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans and the slider terrapin Trachemys dorbignyi. Perhaps confusingly, although the genus to which the box turtles belong, Terrapene, sounds similar to the word terrapin, these turtles are not normally called terrapins.

Usage of the name "terrapin" in British and American English compared

The name "terrapin" is unambiguously applied to the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin, in both British English and American English; the name originally being used by early European settlers in North America to describe these brackish water reptiles that inhabited neither freshwater habitats nor the sea. However, in American English the name is not routinely applied to other semi-aquatic or freshwater turtles, unlike the situation in British English where any such turtle might be called a terrapin. A terrapin is the mascot of the University of Maryland and Tampa Preparatory School.

Appearances in popular culture

The Grateful Dead's 1977 album Terrapin Station features two dancing terrapins on the cover of the album . The terrapin has become an iconic symbol of The Grateful Dead, and a recognizable emblem among their fans.

A song was written by Syd Barrett of Pink Floyd fame about terrapins. The title is Terrapin and it is a love song cast underwater.

The Terrapin is also the mascot for University of Maryland. Often acknowledge as a "Terp".

In 2000, the British electric music artist Bonobo released the single "Terrapin" on his third cd entitled Animal Magic.

The popular children's show The Wonder Pets features a terrapin as Turtle Tuck, one of the super-pets.

In the animated film The Swan Princess, the character Speed is a terrapin.

In Viva Pinata: Trouble in Paradise, the Cherrapin is based on the Terrapin and named after the cherry..

References

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