Teriyaki (kanji: 照り焼き; hiragana: てりやき) is a cooking technique used in Japanese cuisine in which foods are broiled or grilled in a sweet soy sauce marinade (tare in Japanese). Teriyaki is served in most modern Japanese cuisines.
Fish – yellowtail, marlin, skipjack tuna, salmon, trout, and mackerel – is mainly used in Japan, while meat – chicken, pork, lamb and beef – is more often used in the West. Other ingredients sometimes used in Japan include konjac and squid.
The word teriyaki derives from the noun , which refers to a shine or luster given by the sugar content in the tare, and , which refers to the cooking method of grilling or broiling. Traditionally the meat is dipped in or brushed with sauce several times before and during cooking.
The tare is traditionally made by mixing and heating soy sauce, sake or mirin, and sugar or honey. The sauce is boiled and reduced to the desired thickness, then used to marinate meat which is then grilled or broiled. Sometimes ginger is added, and the final dish may be garnished with green onions.
Teriyaki can also be served cold, as it often is in bento menus.
In non-Japanese cultures, any dish made with a teriyaki-like sauce (often not made using sake, but other brands of non-Japanese wine), or with added ingredients such as sesame or garlic
(uncommon in traditional Japanese cuisine
), is described as teriyaki. Some bottled "teriyaki" sauces in other countries are actually versions of the spicier Korean bulgogi
sauce. Grilling meat first and pouring the sauce on afterward is another non-traditional method of cooking teriyaki. Teriyaki sauce is sometimes put on chicken wings and used as a dipping sauce.
refers to a variety of hamburger
, created by Japanese chain Mos Burger
in 1973. According to the recipe, the tare
is poured into the bread in limited quantities and coupled with lettuce
, endowing it with its strong, yet sweetish, flavor. Since the late eighties, McDonalds in Hong Kong has offered a Teriyaki sandwich dubbed the Shogun Burger, wherein the teriyaki sauce is a coating on the burger patty. In 2007, Burger King
began to offer a hamburger called the Whopper
Teriyaki, in Japan only. Teriyaki burgers are also a drive-in, restaurant and school cafeteria item in Hawaiʻi (where it is commonly called a Teri-burger) dating back to at least the mid 1960s, served on a HawaiHawaiʻian roll with lettuce and tomato, but no condiments.