Temperare (to mix correctly) is the Latin origin of words like "temperature" and "tempering"; it and "tempo" come, in turn, from tempus (time or season). Thus, the word "temper" can refer (at least informally) to any time- and temperature-sensitive process (as for chocolate tempering or tempered glass), a material's thermo-mechanical history (including cold work and cryogenic hardening), or even its composition.

Temper may mean:

  • Tempering, in metallurgy, a heat treatment technique for metals and alloys; also a method for producing toughened glass
  • Among archaeologists, non-plastic additions to clay, which are used to control shrinkage prior to firing into ceramic vessels.
  • Tempering, in cooking, refers to the frying of spices (particularly in the cuisines of South Asia) to release their aroma; called chaunk in Hindi, or Tadka.
  • Musical temperament describes the method used to tune an instrument to produce a pleasing sound
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier is a composition by Bach
  • Tempered representation in mathematics
  • Temperament, in psychology, the general nature of an individual's personality
  • Tempering, in chocolate manufacture, a method of increasing the shine and durability of chocolate couverture
  • A display of anger
  • Temper (band), an American dance music group

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