Engraved silver vase of King Entemena, from Lagash, Early Dynastic Period; in the Louvre, Paris
Ancient capital in Sumer
. It was located midway between the Tigris
rivers in Babylonia
, now in southeastern Iraq. Excavations have uncovered palace and temple ruins as well as cuneiform
texts that provide information about Sumer in the 3rd millennium BC
. Founded in the Ubaid period (circa
), it came under the control of Sargon
of Akkad. It later prospered under Gudea, a governor nominally subject to the Guti. It was occupied as late as the Parthian era (247 BC
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.