Basically, In hindu society structure, there are four varna named as 1. Bharmanya 2. Kshatriya 3.Vaisya 4.Kshdrya. which was decided on the basis on thier work.
People from Kurmi community belong to Kshatriya varna. They were suppose to do administration related works. but with the due course of time, they got engaged with agriculture related works.
The "Kurmi" is known as the chief ancient agricultural caste of India. The Mohanta, mahanta, mahato, Singraur, Umrao,Chandrakar, Gangwar, Kamma, Kanbi, Kapu, Katiyar, Kulambi, Jaiswar, Niranjan, Kulwadi, Kunbi, Kutumbi, Naidu, Patel, Reddy, Sachan,Verma and Vokkaliga all are sub communities comes under community "Kurmi".
Colonel Dalton regards them as the descendants of some of the earliest Aryan Colonists - a brown tawny coloured people, of an average height, well proportioned and with fair amount of good looks. They show well-shaped heads and high features and except when they have obviously intermixed with aborigins , they are unquestionable Aryans in looks. Grey eyes and brownish hair are sometimes met with amongst them The women usually have small and well formed hands and feet
The link between Kshtriyas and agriculture has been justified on the grounds of linguistic affinities between the root "ar" (bravery, heroism, found in English and Greek hero, Russian geroj and Sanskrit arya) and other words for cultivators i.e. those who labour nobly (Russian oratel or ploughman, Airga in the Zend-Avesta), as well as in the legend of King "Prithu", who tamed the earth to make fertile again. It is for this reason that the Sanskrit word for "earth" is "Prithvi", in honour of the Aryan king "Prithu" who first cultivated the earth. And, in the words of Thomas Jefferson, "cultivators of the earth are the most virtuous and independent citizens".
In the Deep South the Kudumbi/Kutumbins are known as Kudumban. In Kerala they are known as Pattakkar. Kurmis constitute around twenty two percent of the total population of India.
When one says, the "kurmi", it literally means "the I cans" or the "I am ables".
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