The principal language of Tareens is Pashto, Persian had been used historically as the language for records and correspondence also tombstones up to late nineteenth century are in Persian. Those who have settled away from Pishin speak local languages such as Multani or Sraiki in Multan, Hindko in Hazara, Urdu in Bhopal and Sindhi in Sindh. Tareeno, a dialect of Pashto, is the language spoken in Harnai.
Ahmed Shah Abdali on his conquest of India deputed powerful tribal chiefs with conquered areas. In the Hazara region, amongst these deputed chiefs were Najeebullah Khan Tareen, Sa'adat Khan Swati of Garhi Habibullah, Mir Zabardast Khan Tanoli (also known as Suba Khan Tanoli), and some others. Tareens have some history with other Pashtun tribes of Hazara Division, uniting against Sikhs during the period of Sikh rule. People like Muhammad Khan Tareen and Bostan Khan Tareen are heroes for their staunch resistance against the Sikh empire, now revered as heroes of Hazara history.
Tareens are also settled in Harnai, Duki and Gulistan districts in Balochistan and Hazara Division, North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. They are also present in sizeable proportions in the areas near Kandahar in Afghanistan. A provincial capital in central Afghanistan is also named "Tareen Kowt" (Meaning castle of the Tareens). The Tareens have a sizeable presence in Multan since the times of Ahmad Shah Durrani.
One Abdul Karim Khan Tareen migrated from Multan to Istanbul (then capital of erstwhile Ottoman Turkey) in mid-nineteenth century and his descendants are living in Turkey but they do not use the Surname "Tareen", instead they use the name "Bey". However a considerable population of Tareen Pathans settled down in India and adopted Urdu/Hindi as their first language.
Tareens also settled in Peshawar, migrated from Pishin (Balochistan). The first person named Saghir came to Peshawar from Pishin and started living here in a village named Pajaggi near Peshawar city.
Pishin District has four main tribes the Tareen, Achakzai, Kakar and Syed. The Tareen tribe is the Sardar of Pishin. Sardar Bashir Khan Tareen, Sardar Farooq Khan Tareen, and Sardar Mustafa Khan Tareen are the main notable persons of the Sardar family. These Sardar sub tribe is Haroonzai - Noorzai. Other families of the Noorzai tribe are located in Killi Torashah near Bund Khushdil Khan lake.
A major section of the Tareen Tribe, the Sehgi, is established in areas of Qilla Abdullah District. There has been a conflict between the Sehgi and the Achakzai tribe in this district.
The majority of the population of Loralai District, in the centre of Balochistan province, are Pakhtun and the Tareen are one of the main tribes. The Tareens are also one of the main tribes in Ziarat District in the north of Balochistan.
General Ayub Khan Tareen
Muhammad Ayub Khan (Urdu/Pashto: محمد ايوب خان) HJ, NPk (May 14, 1907 – April 19, 1974) was born in Rehana, Haripur. In Tareen their sub tribe is Tor Tareen, Batezai (Pishin). Their family is migrated from Qilla Batezai Pishin, Balochistan to Haripur. Muhammad Ayub Khan Tareen is one of the most famous members of the Tareen. He fought in Burma during WWII and was a Field Marshal during the mid-1960s, and the political leader of Pakistan from 1958 to 1969. He became Pakistan's first native Commander in Chief in 1951, and was the youngest full-rank general and self-appointed field marshal in Pakistan's military history. He was also the first Pakistani military general to seize power through a coup.
He would later go on to serve in the second cabinet (1954) of Muhammad Ali Bogra as Defence Minister, and when Iskander Mirza declared martial law on October 7, 1958, Khan was made its chief martial law administrator. This would be the first of many instances in the history of Pakistan of the military becoming directly involved in politics.
Sardar Bashir Khan Tareen Sardar Bashir Ahmad Khan Tareen was born at Pishin in Balochistan in 1938. His sub tribe is Noorzai. He is the son of Sardar Khair Muhammad Khan Tareen, Sardar of Pishin and brother of Sardar Naseer Khan Tareen and uncle of Sardar Mustafa Khan Tareen. He took special interest in the development of his area and started his political career by joining National Pakhtoon Khawah Balochistan in 1972. He held the office of the Provincial Minister for Social Welfare and Religious Affairs and was again taken as Minister for Food and Fisheries in the caretaker government of Balochistan. He joined Jamhoori Watan Party in August 1990 and remains as a Founder-Member of the JWP. He is a Sardar of the Tareen Tribe and was elected to the Senate in March 1991 for a six-year term.
Sardar Naseer Khan Tareen Sardar Naseer Khan Tareen was born in district Pishin in Sardar home. Sardar Naseer came across a pocket of some of the last remaining populations of Suleiman Markhor and Afghan Urial in Torghar. When Sardar Naseer realised that nothing was being done by either the government or the local tribesmen to save these wild ungulates from extinction, he took the difficult task upon himself, turning into a self-confessed ‘accidental environmentalist.’ At the time, his father was the Sardar (or chieftain) of the Tareen tribe, as is his nephew today.
The Hazara Tareens have also produced prominent civilians such as Abdur Rehman Khan (1901 - 1997), former ambassador of Pakistan, decorated for his bravery during the 1965 war with India, and respected for his services to Pakistan in the International Arena. His son, Jehangir Khan, currently Senior Joint Secretary in the Government of Pakistan, is also one of the prominent people of the Hazara Area.