Tall ship

Tall ship

A tall ship is a large traditionally rigged sailing vessel. Popular modern tall ship rigs include topsail schooners, brigantines, brigs and barques.

Traditional rigging may include square rigs and gaff rigs, with separate topmasts and topsails. It is generally more complex than modern rigging, which utilizes newer materials such as aluminum and steel to construct taller, lightweight masts with fewer, more versatile sails. It should be noted that most smaller, modern vessels use Bermuda rig. Though it did not become popular elsewhere until the twentieth century, this rig was developed in Bermuda in the seventeenth century, and had historically been used on its small ships, the Bermuda sloops. A modern replica of an 1831, Bermudian-built sloop-of-war is the sail training vessel Spirit of Bermuda (34.13 m, LOA).

The term tall ship has come into widespread use in the mid-20th century with the advent of The Tall Ships' Races, and was not generally used in the era when such ships were the norm.

While Sail Training International (STI) has extended the definition of tall ship for the purpose of its races to embrace any sailing vessel with more than 30 ft. (9.14 m) waterline length and on which at least half the people on board are aged 15 to 25, this definition can include many modern sailing yachts, so for the purposes of this article, tall ship will refer to those vessels rated as class "B" or above (Fore and aft rigged vessels between 100 to 160 feet in length, and all square rigged vessels).

International Sail Training Association, Class A Tall Ships

In alphabetical order (sortable). International Sail Training Association classifies its A Class as "all square-rigged vessels over 120' (36.6m) length overall (LOA). Fore and aft rigged vessels of 160' (48.8m)(LOA) and over." Also see list of tall ships for other tall ships, or List of large sailing vessels for a list that includes other sailing vessel types.

Class A Tall Ships
Current
Name
Current
Nationality
Original
Delivery
Mast Rig LOA (m) Beam (m)
Alexander von Humboldt 1906 3 Barque 63.0 10.8
Alpha 1948 2 Barquentine 44.0 8.9
Amerigo Vespucci 1931 3 Full rigged ship 102.7 15.8
Belem 1896 3 Barque 61.0 8.8
Bounty 1960 3 Full rigged ship 51.5
Captain Miranda 1930 3 Staysail Schooner 63.7 7.9
Christian Radich 1914 3 Full rigged ship 98.1
Cuauhtemoc 1982 3 Barque 90.5 12.0
Cisne Branco 1999 3 Full rigged ship 76.2 10.7
Concordia 1992 3 Barquentine 56.4
Constitution 1797 3 Full rigged ship 93.3
Creole 1927 3 Schooner 65.2 8.9
Creoula 1937 3 Schooner 92.0
Danmark 1932 3 Full rigged ship 77.1 10.1
Dar Młodzieży 1982 3 Full rigged ship 108.8 14.0
Dewaruci 1953 3 Barquentine 58.2 9.4
Druzhba 1987 3 Full rigged ship 110.0
Dunay 1928 3 Full rigged ship 97.1 14.8
Eagle 1936 3 Barque 89.9 11.9
Eendracht 1989 3 Gaff Schooner 59.1 12.2
Elissa 1877 3 Barque 48.8 8.5
Eugene Euginides 1959 3 Topgallant Schooner 66.2 9.2
Europa 1911 3 Barque 56.4 7.3
Gazela of Philadelphia 1883 3 Barquentine 54.3 8.5
Georg Stage (II) 1935 3 Full rigged ship 54.2 8.5
Gloria 1968 3 Barque 75.9 10.7
Gorch Fock 1958 3 Barque 89.3 11.9
Großherzogin Elizabeth 1908 3 Gaff Schooner 63.7 8.2
Guayas 1977 3 Barque 78.6 10.4
Jadran 1933 3 Topsail Schooner 58.2 8.9
Jessica 1983 3 Topsail Schooner 61.5 6.7
Juan Sebastián Elcano 1927 4 Topsail Schooner 113.1 13.2
Kaiwo Maru II 1989 4 Barque 110.0 13.8
Kaliakra 1984 3 Barquentine 49.0 7.9
Khersones 1989 3 Full rigged ship 110.0 14.0
Kruzenshtern 1926 4 Barque 114.6 14.0
Leeuwin 1986 Barquentine 54.0 9.0
Libertad 1960 3 Full rigged ship 105.2 13.7
Mercator 1932 3 Full rigged ship 78.4 11.9
Meridian 1948 2 Barquentine 39.4 8.9
Nippon Maru 1984 4 Barque 110.0 13.8
Lord Nelson 1985 3 Barque 55.2 8.5
Mir 1987 3 Full rigged ship 109.1 14.0
Mircea 1938 3 Barque 82.1 12.5
Niagara 1813 2 Brig 60.4 9.8
Orp Iskra 1982 3 Barquentine 49.0 7.9
Palinoru 1934 3 Barquentine 68.9 10.1
Pallada 1989 3 Full rigged ship 108.6 14.0
Picton Castle 1928 3 Barque 53.6 7.3
Pogoria 1980 3 Barquentine 46.9 7.9
Prince William 2001 2 Brig 59.4 9.9
Roald Amundsen 1952 2 Brig 50.3
Sagres (III) 1937 3 Barque 89.6 11.9
Sedov 1921 4 Barque 121.6 14.6
Shabab Oman 1971 3 Barquentine 54.0 8.5
Simon Bolivar 1979 3 Barque 82.3 10.4
Sorlandet 1927 3 Full rigged ship 60.5 9.6
Spirit of New Zealand 1986 3 Barquentine 45.2 9.1
Statsraad Lehmkuhl 1914 3 Barque 98.1 12.6
Stavros S Niarchos 2000 2 Brig 59.4 9.9
Surprise 1970 3 Full rigged ship 54.6 9.8
Thor Heyerdahl 1930 3 Topsail Schooner 49.8 6.5
Tovarisch 1933 3 Barque 82.1 11.9
Unicorn 1948 2 Brig 39.6 7.3
Wavertree 1885 3 Full rigged ship 99.1 12.2
Wilhelm Pieck 1950 2 Brigantine 50.0 7.4
Young America 1975 2 Brigantine 39.6 7.2
Young Endeavour 1986 44.0

Gallery

See also

References

Further reading

  • American Sail Training Association; Sail Tall Ships! (American Sail Training Association; 16th edition, 2005 ISBN 0-9636483-9-X)
  • Thad Koza; Tall Ships: A Fleet for the 21st Century (Tide-Mark Press; 3rd edition, 2002; ISBN 1-55949-739-4)

External links

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