is a technique for synthesizing speech
by replacing the formants
(main bands of energy) with pure tone whistles. The first sinewave synthesis program (SWS
) for the automatic creation of stimuli for perceptual experiments was developed by Philip Rubin
at Haskins Laboratories
in the 1970s. This program was subsequently used by Robert Remez
, Philip Rubin
, David Pisoni, and other colleagues to show that listeners can perceive
continuous speech without traditional speech cues. This work paved the way for a view of speech
as a dynamic pattern of trajectories through articulatory-acoustic space.
- Rubin, P.E. Sinewave synthesis. Internal memorandum, Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, 1980.
- Remez, R.E., Rubin, P.E., Pisoni, D.B., & Carrell, T.D. Speech perception without traditional speech cues. Science, 1981, 212, 947-950.
- Best, C.T., Morrongiello, B. & Robson, R. Perceptual equivalence of acoustic cues in speech and nonspeech perception. Perception & Psychophysics, 1981, 29, 191-211.
- Remez, R.E., Rubin, P.E., Berns, S.M., Pardo, J.S. & Lang, J.M. On the perceptual organization of speech. Psychological Review, 1994, 101, 129-156.
- Remez, R. E., Fellowes, J. M., & Rubin, P.E. Talker identification based on phonetic information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1997, 23, 651-666.