Definitions

taconite

taconite

[tak-uh-nahyt]
taconite, low-grade iron ore, a flintlike rock usually containing less than 30% iron. Resistant to drilling and to the extraction of its contained metal, the rock was long considered worthless. Experiments begun in 1912 by the American scientist Edward W. Davis and continued by him for nearly 40 years produced the pelletizing method for upgrading the ore. The development of the jet piercer (a high-temperature flame thrower) provided penetration speeds of up to 40 ft (12 m) an hour for blasting holes in the rock. In 1956 exploitation of the vast reserves of taconite in the Mesabi range of Minnesota was begun by some of the largest steel companies in the United States.

Low-grade iron formation (e.g., in Minnesota). Recovery of the iron requires fine grinding and concentration of iron-bearing phases (see mineral processing), which are then formed into pellets suitable for blast furnaces. As high-grade deposits of iron ore have become depleted, taconite deposits have increased in importance.

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Taconite is a city in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 315 at the 2000 census.

U.S. Route 169 serves as a main arterial route in the community.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13.6 km²), of which, 4.9 square miles (12.6 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (6.86%) is water. It is right next to the Cannisteo mine pit. It was established in 1907 and refers to itself as the "Hub of the Nation".

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 315 people, 136 households, and 87 families residing in the city. The population density was 64.5 people per square mile (24.9/km²). There were 150 housing units at an average density of 30.7/sq mi (11.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.92% White, 0.32% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.63% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 3.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 136 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,250, and the median income for a family was $50,417. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $20,357 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,357. About 14.9% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

References

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