Tabular crystals tend to lie along the film's surface when coated and dried. This reduces scattering of light and increases resolution.
Tabular crystals usually have two twinned planes parallel to each other. They are formed at the very beginning of the crystallization. The crystal tends to grow at the edges and not on the main planes, forming very thin crystals of very large surface areas. Tabular crystals probably existed from very early days of silver-gelatin photography. However, it was about 1970 when emulsion engineers could make emulsions that consisted mainly of tabular crystals. Moreover, it was not until the 1980's that tabular crystals began to be used in production emulsions.
Tabular grain technology brought significant improvements to the image quality of the film, particularly in the improvement of resolution and granularity. However, several more key technologies were implemented into tabular grain products. Many of these concurrent improvements were applied to non-tabular grain products to improve image quality. Therefore, when tabular grain technology is described by uninformed writers, its advantage tends to be overemphasized. For example, excellent reciprocity law is not an inherent property of tabular crystals but rather the result of other techniques introduced at about the same time.
Evaluation of the Tabular Feed Energy and Protein Undegradability Values of the National Research Council Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle
Oct 01, 2005; Abstract Evaluations with animal performance data indicated the tabular feed energy and undegraded intake protein (UIP)...