Definitions

switch-cane

Bamboo species

Bamboo is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family Poaceae, which is a large family with over 10,000 species. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as Bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. The size of bamboo varies from small annuals to giant timber bamboo. Bamboo was only added to the world in between 30 and 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. Bamboo is the fastest growing woody plant in the world. They can grow up to 3-4 feet/day (1.5-2.0 inches/hr).

All Bamboo that have their Chinese name contain the character "". This character by itself simply means bamboo, however it enters into hundreds of other words and phrases. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." (Dr. W. Y. Hsiung). This character, pronounced chu depicts two leafed twigs of bamboo. The radical 竹 also indicates sense.

Species

The photographs to the right do not necessarily correspond to the bamboo on the left.

Species English name Chinese name Clumper/ Runner/ Extinct Max height (feet) Max diameter (inches) Brief Species Description
Acidosasa 酸竹属 Grow in south coastal China, and have sour shoots.
Acidosasa chienouensis None 粉酸竹 Runner 15 0.75 Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose
Acidosasa edulis None 黄甜竹 Runner 40 2 Green glabrous culms, sheath turns brown, from green. The roots are often eaten, and are said to be delicious.
Ampelocalamus 悬竹属 A very small (1 membered) genus of bamboo that grows in China and Nepal.
Ampelocalamus scandens None 爬竹 Clumper 30 0.3 Hangs loosley, or is scrambling. Nodes are slightly swollen. Nearly equal branches, central branches usually smaller than culms.
Arundinaria 青篱竹属 New shoots grow only in spring. Many species put in this genus were later transferred to different genera.
Arundinaria appalachiana Hill Cane Not accessible Runner 5 0.2 The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, seaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo
Arundinaria funghomii None Not accessible Runner 30 1.1 New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. May be a the same as Pseudosasa cantori
Arundinaria gigantea River Cane Not accessible Runner 20 1 Native to the U.S.A. Can grow in temperatures as cold as -10 Fahrenheit.
Arundinaria gigantea Macon Macon River Cane Not accessible Runner 20 1 Can grow in very cold temperatures. Can survive in -26 degrees Fahrenheit with only minor leaf burn.
Arundinaria tecta Switch Cane Not accessible Runner 6 0.5 Like Arundinaria gigantea, but has persistent culm sheaths, and can grow in soggy soil.
Bambusa 簕竹属 Generally tropical bamboo, usually with lots of branches. New shoots appear in late fall.
Bambusa arnhemica None Not accessible Clumper 25 4 On Northern Australian coasts. Deciduous during dry season. Dense clumps, thick culms, short internodes, low branches.
Bambusa balcooa None Not accessible Clumper 60 6 From India. Has tangled clumps which make it difficult to harvest. They are strong, and are often used in construction.
Bambusa bambos Giant Thorny Not accessible Clumper 100 7 Fast growing, with thick walls. Lower branches are long and covered with thorns. Has edible shoots, and is used to make paper in India.
Bambusa basihirsuta None 扁竹 Clumper 40 3 Tight erect clumps
Bambusa beecheyana Beechey Bamboo 吊丝球竹 Clumper 50 5 Culms with short internodes, covered with white powder when young, usually arch strongly, shoots often eaten.
Bambusa beecheyana var. pubescens None 大头典竹 Clumper 50 5 Same as regular Bambusa beecheyana, just more erect, thicker nodual hair, and it branches lower.
Bambusa blumeana None 簕竹 Clumper 60 4 Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and Indonesia. Used for building material and baskets. Shoots eaten.
Bambusa boniopsis None 妈竹 Clumper 15 1 A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. Indigenous to Hainan
Bambusa burmanica None 缅甸竹 Clumper 50 4 Nearly solid culms, with large leaves that can be up to a foot long Dense clumps with spiky low branches.
Bambusa chungii None 粉箪竹 Clumper 30 2 Thin walled culms are covered with white powder.
Bambusa chungii var. barbelatta None Not accessible Clumper 22 1.5 Light ring of hair around new culm nodes, and a loose sheath blade.
Bambusa cornigera None 牛角竹 Clumper 35 3 Culms are zigzag and internodes are curved.
Bambusa dissimulator None 坭簕竹 Clumper 50 3 A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches.
Bambusa dissimulator Albinodia None Not accessible Clumper 50 3 A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches. There are white rings above and below the nodes.
Bambusa distegia None 料慈竹 Clumper 30 4 Has green internodes, and bends slightly at the top. It also tolerates light frosts.
Bambusa dolichoclada Long-Branch Bamboo 长枝竹 Clumper 65 4 Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, and a thin wight powder on it.
Bambusa dolichoclada Stripe None 条纹长枝竹 Clumper 65 4 Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, thin creamy yellow stripes, and a thin wight powder on it.
Bambusa dolichomerithalla Green stripe Green stripe Not accessible Clumper 35 2 Chartreuse culms with dark green vertical stripes.
Bambusa dolichomerithalla Silver stripe Silver stripe Not accessible Clumper 35 2 Chartreuse culms with vertical silver stripes.
Bambusa emeiensis Chrysotrichus None 慈竹 Clumper 35 2.5 Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis.
Bambusa emeiensis Flavidovirens None 慈竹 Clumper 35 2.5 Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis. Pale yellow with green vertical stripes
Bambusa emeiensis Viridiflavus None 慈竹 Clumper 35 2.5 Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis. Has erect culms, and yellow stripes.
Bambusa eutuldoides None 大眼竹 Clumper 45 2 Straight thick walled culms, with fine white stripes.
Bambusa eutuldoides Viridivittata None 青丝黄竹 Clumper 25 1 Yellow internodes with green stripes. Shoots have peach tones
Bambusa flexuosa None 小簕竹 Clumper 23 2.4 There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches.
Bambusa fulda None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bambusa gibba None 坭竹 Clumper 25 2 Side branches have soft spines. An oil can be extracted from the culms.
Bambusa glaucophylla Malay Dwarf Not accessible Clumper 15 1 Dense bushy and easy to prune. Often sold as a decorative hedge.
Bambusa intermedia None 绵竹 Clumper 25 2 Dark green with purple stripes
Bambusa lako Timor Black Not accessible Clumper 50 3.5 Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. has low branches and green leave sheaths.
Bambusa lapidea Horsehoof bamboo 油簕竹 Clumper 35 3.5 Thick walled culms almost solid at base.
Bambusa longispiculata None 花眉竹 Clumper 50 4 Green clums with light green stripes near node rings. Open clumps, and thin walls.
Bambusa luteostriata None Not accessible Clumper 30 2 Erect with full foliage at top. Green with white stripes.
Bambusa maculata None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Splotchy canes when mature.
Bambusa malingensis None 马岭竹 Clumper 35 2.5 Tolerates wind well. Medium sized, but grown taller in shade.
Bambusa membranacea None Not accessible Clumper 70 4 Strong growing bamboo with straight culms, and loose clumps.
Bambusa multiplex Hedge Bamboo 孝顺竹 Clumper 25 1.5 Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom, hence the name Hedge Bamboo.
Bambusa multiplex Alphonse Karr None Not accessible Clumper 25 1.5 Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom. The leaves are yellow with irregular green stripes.
Bambusa multiplex Fernleaf Fernleaf Bamboo Not accessible Clumper 20 0.5 Have about 15 closely spaced two rank leaves.
Bambusa multiplex Fernleaf Stripestem Fernleaf Stripestem Bamboo Not accessible Clumper 12 0.5 Redish yellow culms with green stripes.
Bambusa multiplex Golden Goddess None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 A dwarf form of Bambusa multiplex Fernleaf except with larger leaves, and yellow culms.
Bambusa multiplex Goldstripe None Not accessible Clumper 25 1.5 Mature culms have a gold stripe that fades into green.
Bambusa multiplex Midori Green Green Alphonse Not accessible CLumper 15 1.5 Culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes
Bambusa multiplex Riviereorum Chinese Goddess Not accessible Clumper 6 0.3 Has solid culms and tiny leaves
Bambusa multiplex Silverstripe None Not accessible Clumper 25 1.5 White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves.
Bambusa multiplex Tiny Fern None Not accessible Clumper 3 0.2 A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch long.
Bambusa multiplex Tiny Fern Striped None Not accessible Clumper 3 0.2 A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch long and striped culms.
Bambusa multiplex Willowy Wang Tsai Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves.
Bambusa nutans None Not Accessible Clumper 40 3 Culms have a white ring below the nodes.
Bambusa odashimae None 乌脚绿竹 Clumper 65 3 Has dark green leaves and edible shoots
Bambusa odashime × B. tuldoides None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Erect with long internodes.
Bambusa oldhamii Giant Timber 绿竹 Clumper 55 4 Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves.
Bambusa oliveriana None Not accessible Clumper 45 2 Dense clumps with thick walled, glossy green culms.
Bambusa pachinensis None 米筛竹 Clumper 33 2.4 Medium size with yellow culms.
Bambusa pervariabilis None 撑篙竹 Clumper 33 2.4 Erect, thick walled, and lower culms have branches and yellow stripes.
Bambusa pervariabilis Viridistriatus None 花撑篙竹 Clumper 33 2.4 New shoots are yellow with green stripes, maturing to a darker yellow with dark green stripes.
Bambusa rigida None 硬头黄竹 Clumper 40 2.3 Erect with long internodes. There are Many branches at each node.
Bambusa rutila None 木竹 Clumper 40 2 Thick walls, lower culms zigzag, nodes are swolen and have white hair.
Bambusa sinospinosa Chinese Thorny 车筒竹 Clumper 70 5 Has many thorny branches, and small leaves.
Bambusa sinospinosa Hirose None Not accessible Clumper 55 5 Forms tight clumps.
Bambusa sinospinosa Clone X None Not accessible Clumper 75 2.8 A vigorous bamboo with extreamly thick walls. Classification unknown.
Bambusa sinospinosa Nana None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Straight, strong, and has yellow stripes.
Bambusa sinospinosa Polymorpha None Not accessible Clumper 65 6 Green culms covered with silky gray hair, and short, slender branches. Classification uncertain.
Bambusa sinospinosa Richard Waldron None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 Compact and erect. Classification and origin uncertain.
Bambusa stenostachya None Not accessible Clumper 70 6 Internodes almost solid. Culm sheaths persistent.
Bambusa textilis Weavers Bamboo 青皮竹 Clumper 40 2 Very thin culms, and tight clumps. Arches very gracefully.
Bambusa textilis Dwarf None Not accessible Clumper 18 1.25 Very thin culms, and tight clumps.
Bambusa textilis Kanapaha None Not accessible Clumper 50 2.5 Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches.
Bambusa textilis Maculata None Not accessible Clumper 25 1 Culms and base of new culm sheaths both have purple streaks.
Bambusa textilis Mutabilis None Not accessible Clumper 40 2.3 Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom.
Bambusa textilis Scranton None Not accessible Clumper 30 2 Clumps open and branches loose.
Bambusa textilis var. albostriata None Not accessible Clumper 40 2 Open clumps, loose branches, and white stripes on culms
Bambusa textilis var. glabra None 光秆青皮竹 Clumper 30 1 Slender with glabrous culms and culm sheaths.
Bambusa textilis var. gracilis None 崖州竹 Clumper 30 1.3 Slender culms, nodding top, graceful leaves.
Bambusa tulda None 俯竹 Clumper 70 4 Solid near base, straight and thick walled.
Bambusa tulda Striata None Not accessible Clumper 70 4 Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base.
Bambusa tuldoides Punting Pole 青秆竹 Clumper 55 2.3 Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms.
Bambusa variostriata None 吊丝箪竹 Clumper 35 3 New, edible shoots covered in white stripes and white blooms.
Bambusa ventricosa Buddha's Belly 佛肚竹 Clumper 55 2.3 In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. In pots, it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes.
Bambusa ventricosa Golden Buddha None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bambusa ventricosa Kimmei None Not accessible Clumper 55 2.3 In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. In pots, it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. Has yellow culms striped with green.
Bambusa vulgaris Common Bamboo 龙头竹 Clumper 50 4 Open clumps with culms spaced about a foot apart. Culms root very easily.
Bambusa vulgaris Vittata Painted Bamboo 黄金间碧竹 Clumper 50 4 Golden yellow culms with green stripes that look like paint dripping down the culm.
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin None 大佛肚竹 Clumper 16 3 Has short swollen lower green internodes.
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin Striata None Not accessible Clumper 16 3 Has short swollen lower green internodes, and is striped with dark green.
Bashania Running bamboos that naturally exist in China
Bashania fargesii None Not accessible Runner 20 2 Has leaves that can be up to a foot long.
Bashania qingchengshanensis None Not accessible Runner 10 0.9 Spreads quickly and vigorously.
Borinda Mountain bamboo that grow in Bhutan, Tibet, Yunnan, & Sichuan. Most of the species in this genus start out blue.
Borinda albocerea None Not accessible Clumper 20 1 Grows in mountainous regions
Borinda angustissima None Not accessible Clumper 18 0.8 White powder covered, arched culms that start out purple.
Borinda contracta None Not accessible Clumper 15 0.8 Bushy, clumps have many culms.
Borinda frigidorum None Not accessible Clumper 12 0.7 Culm sheaths become red, leaves are small.
Borinda fungosa None Not accessible Clumper 20 1 Grow at very high altitudes. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots.
Borinda fungosa White cloud None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Borinda grossa None Not accessible Clumper 26 1 Unknown
Borinda KR 5288 None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Borinda lushuiensis None Not accessible Clumper 25 1.5 Unknown
Borinda macclureana None Not accessible Clumper 15 1 On the lower surface of purple branches, the leaves are pubescent.
Borinda nujiangensis None Not accessible Clumper 20 1.5 Has small dark yellow leaves.
Borinda papyrifera None Not accessible Clumper 25 2 New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae.
Borinda perlonga None Not accessible Clumper 20 1.5 Has dense light green leaves, blue culms, and long culm sheaths.
Borinda sinospinosa Muliensis (sinospinosa often abbreviated sp.) None Not accessible Clumper 6 0.3 Has broad deciduous leaves.
Borinda yulongshanensis None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Unknown
Brachystachyum Culm leaves hang attached to the middle of their base for some time.
Brachystachyum densiflorum None Not accessible Runner 20 1 Young culms are hairy. The leaves are about 7 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Brachystachyum densiflorum var. villosum None Not accessible Runner 20 1 Base of culm sheaths densely hairy. The leaves are about 7 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Cephalostachyum 空竹属 Tall, shrubby, clumping bamboo from India, China, Madagascar, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
Cephalostachyum pergracile None 香糯竹 Clumper 30 2 Erect culms with white bristly hairs.
Cephalostachyum virgatum None 金毛空竹 Clumper 50 4 Thin walled drooping, bamboo that is often confused with Bambusa multiplex.
Chimonobambusa 方竹属 New shoots start in Fall or Winter. Sometimes with thorny nodes, and quadrangular culms.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla Intermedia 大叶筇竹 Runner 10 0.5 Internodes flat above branches, and are white powdery.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. macrophylla None 大叶筇竹原变种 Runner 10 0.5 Internodes are not white powdery, and leaves are about less than 8 inches long, and 1.25 inches wide.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. leiboensis None 雷波大叶筇竹 Runner 10 0.5 Initially white powdery, but it goes away.
Chimonobambusa marmorea Marbled Bamboo 寒竹 Runner 6 0.5 New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple.
Chimonobambusa marmorea Variegata None Not accessible Runner 6 0.5 New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Leaves also have white stripes.
Chimonobambusa pachystachys Thorny Bamboo 刺竹子 Runner 20 1 Nodes have rings of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Square Bamboo 方竹 Runner 25 1.5 Culms are square, and have rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Joseph de Jussieu None Not accessible Runner 25 1.5 Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and have rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Suow None Not accessible Runner 25 0.5 Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and have rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Yellow Groove None Not accessible Runner Unknown Unknown Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and have rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Culms have yellow sulci.
Chimonobambusa szechuanensis None 八月竹 Runner 19 1 Has long thick culm sheaths, and three branches per node that have deciduous leaves.
Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda Walking stick 筇竹 Runner 20 1.3 A rare bamboo with inflated nodes.
Chimonobambusa yunnanensis Black Bamboo Not accessible Runner 32 1 A black bamboo with square internodes.
Chusquea A genus of South American and Central American Bamboos that usually have one main branch and several branchlets per node. There may be around 70 unclassified species in this genus.
Chusquea andina None Not accessible Clumper 12 1 Grows at a higher altitude than any other bamboo in the genus, and has small spiky blue leaves.
Chusquea andina Blue Andes None Not accessible Clumper 12 1 Grows at a very high altitude, and has small spiky blue leaves.
Chusquea circinata None Not accessible Clumper 22 1 Dark and arching, and has whorls of small leaves. Comes from Mexico.
Chusquea circinata Chiapas None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Dark and arching, and has yellow shoots. Comes from Mexico.
Chusquea coronalis None Not accessible Clumper 23 0.8 Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. Some believe that it is the most beautiful bamboo, and it is often planted by gardeners.
Chusquea culeou None Not accessible Clumper 15 1 Has many equal sized branches on each node. Comes from Chile.
Chusquea culeou Argentina None Not accessible Clumper 15 1.25 Has many large, equal sized branches on each node. Comes from Argentina.
Chusquea culeou Caña Prieta None Not accessible Clumper 15 1 Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black.
Chusquea culeou Hillier's Form None Not accessible Clumper 9 0.8 A dwarf form of Chusquea culeou.
Chusquea cumingii None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.8 Has many tiny, stiff, sharp leaves.
Chusquea delicatula None Not accessible Unknown 12 0.5 Has very small leaves and is native to Peru.
Chusquea foliosa None Not accessible Clumper 20 1.5 Golden culms with green nodes and thin dropping leaves.
Chusquea galeottiana None Not accessible Clumper 20 0.8 Arches, and comes from southern Mexico.
Chusquea gigantea None Not accessible Clumper 25 1.5 has red shoots, green culms, many branches per node, and forms open clumps.
Chusquea glauca None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 Has very large leaves.
Chusquea liebmannii None Not accessible Clumper 33 1 Culms arch strongly. Nodes have spine like roots.
Chusquea macrostachya None Not accessible Clumper 15 0.5 Grows in Chile at elevations up to 3,000 feet.
Chusquea mimosa subsp. australis None Not accessible Clumper 15 1 Stiff, red culms with small leaves. Native to Brazil.
Chusquea montana None Not accessible Clumper 6 0.3 Has swollen nodes.
Chusquea muelleri None Not accessible Clumper 6 0.2 Culms delicate, 2-3 branches per node.
Chusquea pittieri None Not accessible Clumper 25 2 Has arching culms, and thorny nodes.
Chusquea simpliciflora None Not accessible Clumper 50 0.4 Climbs over other plants, and is a vining species.
Chusquea simpliciflora Chiconquiaco None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 Has small leaves, and is a vining species.
Chusquea simpliciflora Las Vigas None Not accessible Clumper 8 0.5 Has large leaves, red shoots, and is a vining species.
Chusquea subtilis None Not accessible Clumper 20 1 Has very fine leaves, and grows at high elevations in Costa Rica.
Chusquea sulcata None Not accessible Clumper 15 0.8 Erect golden culms have fine leaves and many branches.
Chusquea tomentosa None Not accessible Clumper 25 1 Has long dark green leaves.
Chusquea uliginosa None Not accessible Clumper 15 0.5 Grows at the edge of wetlands in Chile.
Chusquea valdiviensis None Not accessible Clumper 25 1 Culms can scramble up to 40 feet with help.
Chusquea virgata None Not accessible Clumper 25 0.8 Has swollen nodes. Culms are speckled with purple.
Dendrocalamus 牡竹属 Huge Tropical clumping bamboo.
Dendrocalamus asper None 马来甜龙竹 Clumper 100 8 Shoots are large and often eaten.
Dendrocalamus asper Betung Hitam None Not accessible Clumper 100 8 Has black culms, and is rare.
Dendrocalamus brandisii None 勃氏甜龙竹 Clumper 100 8 Thick walled culms with shoots that are edible raw.
Dendrocalamus brandisii Black None Not accessible Clumper 40 8 A fast growing black culmed bamboo.
Dendrocalamus brandisii variegated None Not accessible Clumper 100 12 Simaler to Dendrocalamus brandisii but with variegated leaves, and wider culms.
Dendrocalamus calostachyus None 美穗龙竹 Clumper 70 5 Sturdy, often used for construction.
Dendrocalamus giganteus None 龙竹 Clumper 100 12 Leaves can be up to 20 inches long, and 4 inches wide. Culms are the widest known in the world.
Dendrocalamus giganteus Quail Clone None Not accessible Clumper 100 12 A cultivar of Dendrocalamus giganteus which was man made at Quail Botanical Gardens in California, U.S.A.
Dendrocalamus giganteus variegated None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Leaves can be up to 20 inches long, and 4 inches wide and are varigated. Does not yet have a real scientific name.
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii None 版纳甜龙竹 Clumper 80 7 Leaves can be up to 15 inches long, grow in the Himalayas.
Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis None 建水龙竹 Clumper 55 5 Has fimbriate culm sheath ligule.
Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis varigated None Not accessible Clumper 55 5 Like Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis but with varigated leaves. Has no scientific name currently.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus None 麻竹 Clumper 65 8 From southern China, has large dark green leaves 10-16 inches long, and 3-4 inches wide.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus Mei-nung None 美浓麻竹 Clumper 65 8 Like Dendrocalamus latiflorus but with light green culms, and dark green culm stripes.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus Subconvex None 葫芦麻竹 Clumper 33 4.7 Has pear shaped culms, and is one of the shortest species in the entire genus.
Dendrocalamus maroochy None Not accessible Clumper 33 8 Arching bamboo with yellow culms. It has only recently been added to the world.
Dendrocalamus minor None 吊丝竹 Clumper 25 2 Has arching culms, and brown rings on culm sheaths near the base of the culm.
Dendrocalamus minor var. amoenus None 花吊丝竹 Clumper 25 2 Has pale yellow culms with green stripes.
Dendrocalamus minor var. minor None 吊丝竹原变种 Clumper 39 3 Has green internodes.
Dendrocalamus sikkimensis None 锡金龙竹 Clumper 65 8 Culms brownish red, and culm sheaths have a velvet like texture.
Dendrocalamus sinicus None 歪脚龙竹 Clumper 120 12 Internodes near the base are shorter, and all internodes have short yellow hair. These are the largest bamboo that grow in China.
Dendrocalamus sp. Parker's Giant None Not accessible Clumper 80 12 An unidentified giant timber bamboo found by Jim Parker in Hawaii, in the U.S.A.
Dendrocalamus strictus Male Bamboo 牡竹 Clumper 60 5 Most common bamboo in India. Culms are sometimes solid. Unlike most bamboo, it flowers frequently.
Dendrocalamus validus None Not accessible Clumper 45 4 Erect culms with convex internodes
Dendrocalamus yunnanicus None 云南龙竹 Clumper 80 7 Pale green. Grows in Yunnan and Vietnam.
Dinochloa Clumping, clinging bamboo that grows native in Burma through the Philippines. They Have fleshy fruits, the size of a golf ball or smaller.
Dinochloa malayana None Not accessible Clumper 30 0.5 Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths.
Dinochloa scandens None Not accessible Clumper 30 0.5 Has black culms and ovate leaves.
Drepanostachyum 镰序竹属 Clumping mountain bamboo that have many equal branches.
Drepanostachyum falcatum None Not accessible Clumper 30 1.1 Unknown
Drepanostachyum falcatum var. sengteeanum None Not accessible Clumper 30 1.1 Has bright green culms and small paper thin leaves.
Drepanostachyum khasianum Khasia bamboo Not accessible Clumper 12 0.5 Culms are dark green. New culms have a white powder that makes them look like they are blue.
Drepanostachyum microphyllum None Not accessible Clumper Unknown Unknown Has bright green leaves. Can have up to 70 branches per node.
Eremitis There are 5 species which may be in this group however only three have been classified. They grow in southern Brazil. Some of the species have their flower spikes underground
Eremitis monothalamia None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eremitis parviflora None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Eremitis sp. None Not accessible Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Fargesia 箭竹属 Clumping bamboo from southwest China. Small-medium sized. Tolerant to cold, but not to heat. Flowers are shaped simaler to toothbrushes.
Fargesia adpressa None 贴毛箭竹 Clumper 18 1.3 Has purplish-green culms, and open clumps.
Fargesia apircirubens Red Tipped Bamboo Not accessible Clumper 16 0.8 Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet above sea level.
Fargesia apircirubens White Dragon None Not accessible Clumper 8 0.5 Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that fade to green later on.
Fargesia communis None 马亨箭竹 Clumper 24 1 Persistent pale red culm sheaths, that are much longer than internodes.
Fargesia denudata None 缺苞箭竹 Clumper 16 0.5 Has small delicate leaves. Culms branch out after first winter.
Fargesia denudata Xian 1 None Not accessible Clumper 11 0.5 Has yellow arching culms, and fine small leaves.
Fargesia dracocephala None 龙头箭竹 Clumper 9.8 0.1 One of the main food species for the Giant Panda. Pale red-brown culm sheaths. Culms initially powdery.
Fargesia dracocephala None Not accessible Clumper 10 0.5 Shoots come up early in the season.
Fargesia murieliae Umbrella bamboo Not accessible Clumper 15 0.5 A very hardy bamboo that grows high in the montains of China and the USA
Fargesia murieliae Bimbo None Not accessible Clumper 5 Unknown Unknown
Fargesia murieliae Harewood None Not accessible Clumper 10 Unknown Dark green leaves, and red-brown culm sheaths
Fargesia murieliae Jonny's Giant None Not accessible Clumper 13 Unknown Unknown
Fargesia murieliae Jumbo Jet None Not accessible Clumper 10 Unknown Gold-green culms that arch.
Fargesia murieliae Simba None Not accessible Clumper 6.5 0.4 Pea colored culms.
Fargesia murieliae SABE 939 None Not accessible Clumper 15 0.5 Unknown
Fargesia murieliae Vampire None Not accessible Clumper 12 0.5 Upright with bright red culms and darh green leaves.
Fargesia murieliae Unnamed Seedling None Not accessible Extinct 15 0.5 A man made cultivar, made in 1907, that lasted until the 1980s, then it was lost from cultivation.
Fargesia nitida Fountain Bamboo 华西箭竹 Clumper 12 0.5 Dark gray, sometimes even black culms. Culm sheaths have orange stripes
Fargesia murielae None 神农箭竹 Clumper 16.5 0.5 Grows new shoots in early May.
Fargesia murielae Bimbo None Not accessible Clumper 5 Unknown Unusually short

Sources

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